Articles by "Data Analysis"

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Ranjan Parekh ... 426 pages - Publisher: CRC Press; (December, 2019) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 0367184826 - ISBN-13: 978-0367184827.

This book introduces fundamental concepts and principles of 2D and 3D graphics and is written for undergraduate and postgraduate students of computer science, graphics, multimedia, and data science. It demonstrates the use of MATLAB programming for solving problems related to graphics and discusses a variety of visualization tools to generate graphs and plots. The book covers important concepts like transformation, projection, surface generation, parametric representation, curve fitting, interpolation, vector representation, and texture mapping, all of which can be used in a wide variety of educational and research fields. Theoretical concepts are illustrated using a large number of practical examples and programming codes, which can be used to visualize and verify the results.

Key Features: Covers fundamental concepts and principles of 2D and 3D graphics + Demonstrates the use of MATLAB programming for solving problems on graphics + Provides MATLAB codes as answers to specific numerical problems + Provides codes in a simple copy and execute format for the novice learner + Focuses on learning through visual representation with extensive use of graphs and plots + Helps the reader gain in-depth knowledge about the subject matter through practical examples + Contains review questions and practice problems with answers for self-evaluation

Robert Ho ... 276 pages - Publisher: Chapman and Hall/CRC; (September, 2017) ... Language: English - AmazonSIN: B075V4BVGC.

Modern statistical software provides the ability to compute statistics in a timely, orderly fashion. This introductory statistics textbook presents clear explanations of basic statistical concepts and introduces students to the IBM SPSS program to demonstrate how to conduct statistical analyses via the popular point-and-click and the "syntax file" methods. The focal point is to show students how easy it is to analyse data using SPSS once they have learned the basics.

Provides clear explanation of basic statistical concepts that provides the foundation for the beginner students’ statistical journey. Introduces the SPSS software program. Gives clear explanation of the purpose of specific statistical procedures (e.g., frequency distributions, measures of central tendencies, measures of variability, etc.). Avoids the conventional cookbook approach that contributes very little to students’ understanding of the rationale of how the correct results were obtained.The advantage of learning the IBM SPSS software package at the introductory class level is that most social sciences students will employ this program in their later years of study. This is because SPSS is one of the most popular of the many statistical packages currently available. Learning how to use this program at the very start not only familiarizes students with the utility of this program but also provides them with the experience to employ the program to conduct more complex analyses in their later years.

Nancy Whittier, Tina Wildhagen, Howard J. Gold ... 696 pages - Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers (January, 2019) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 1538109832 - ISBN-13: 978-1538109830.

Statistics for Social Understanding: With Stata and SPSS introduces students to the way statistics is used in the social sciences--as a tool for advancing understanding of the social world. Written in an engaging and clear voice and based on the latest research on the teaching and learning of quantitative material, the text is geared to introductory students in the social sciences, including those with little quantitative background. It covers the conceptual aspects of statistics even when the mathematical details are minimized. Informed by research on teaching and learning in statistics, the book takes a universal design approach to accommodate diverse learning styles. With an early chapter on cross-tabulation, a focus on comparisons between groups throughout, and a unique chapter on causality, the text shows students the power of statistics for answering important real-world questions.

By providing thorough coverage of social science statistical topics, a balanced approach to calculation, and step-by-step directions on how to use statistical software, authors Nancy Whittier, Tina Wildhagen, and Howard J. Gold give students the ability to analyze data and explore and answer exciting questions. To accommodate changing undergraduate courses, the text incorporates examples from both Stata and SPSS in every chapter and provides practice problems of every type as well as readily available datasets for classroom use, including the General Social Survey, American National Election Study, and more. Each chapter concludes with a chapter summary, a section on using Stata, a section on using SPSS, and practice problems.

Darren George, Paul Mallery ... 402 pages - Publisher: Routledge; 16th edition (December, 2019) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 0367174359 - ISBN-13: 978-0367174354.

IBM SPSS Statistics 26 Step by Step: A Simple Guide and Reference, sixteenth edition, takes a straightforward, step-by-step approach that makes SPSS software clear to beginners and experienced researchers alike. Extensive use of four-color screen shots, clear writing, and step-by-step boxes guide readers through the program. Output for each procedure is explained and illustrated, and every output term is defined. Exercises at the end of each chapter support students by providing additional opportunities to practice using SPSS. This book covers the basics of statistical analysis and addresses more advanced topics such as multi-dimensional scaling, factor analysis, discriminant analysis, measures of internal consistency, MANOVA (between- and within-subjects), cluster analysis, Log-linear models, logistic regression and a chapter describing residuals. Back matter includes a description of data files used in exercises, an exhaustive glossary, suggestions for further reading and a comprehensive index.

IMB SPSS Statistics 26 Step by Step is distributed in 85 countries, has been an academic best seller through most of the earlier editions, and has proved invaluable aid to thousands of researchers and students. New to this edition: Screenshots, explanations, and step-by-step boxes have been fully updated to reflect SPSS 26 + How to handle missing data has been revised and expanded and now includes a detailed explanation of how to create regression equations to replace missing data + More explicit coverage of how to report APA style statistics; this primarily shows up in the Output sections of Chapters 6 through 16, though changes have been made throughout the text.

Erik Lee Nylen, Pascal Wallisch ... 368 pages - Publisher: Academic Press; (April, 2017) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 0128040432 - ISBN-13: 978-0128040430.

A Primer with MATLAB® and Python™ present important information on the emergence of the use of Python, a more general purpose option to MATLAB, the preferred computation language for scientific computing and analysis in neuroscience. This book addresses the snake in the room by providing a beginner’s introduction to the principles of computation and data analysis in neuroscience, using both Python and MATLAB, giving readers the ability to transcend platform tribalism and enable coding versatility.

Math Wizo ... 60 pages - Publisher: Independently Published; (February, 2019) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 1793436789 - ISBN-13: 978-1793436788.

In this introductory guide, you will easily learn: An overview on data sampling + The calculation of measures of central tendency (mean, median, mode, and range). + How to calculate the measure of data dispersion (standard deviation) on both a population and on a sample. + Calculating the best fit line using the Least Squared Method. + Constructing Box-Whisker Plots, and how to calculate the 3 quartile values. + All about false positive and false negative results and how to calculate confidence intervals using the data information and z-scores. + How to calculate the margin of error and how to conduct Chi square p-values to measure the significance of test results. + And Much More!

Leonid Burstein ... 284 pages - Publisher: Woodhead Publishing; (February, 2020) ... Language: English - AmazonSIN: B084L22J54.

A MATLAB Primer for Technical Programming for Materials Science and Engineering draws on examples from the field, providing the latest information on this programming tool that is targeted towards materials science. The book enables non-programmers to master MATLAB in order to solve problems in materials science, assuming only a modest mathematical background. In addition, the book introduces programming and technical concepts in a logical manner to help students use MATLAB for subsequent projects. This title offers materials scientists who are non-programming specialists with a coherent and focused introduction to MATLAB. Provides the necessary background, alongside examples drawn from the field, to allow materials scientists to effectively master MATLAB. + Guides the reader through programming and technical concepts in a logical and coherent manner. + Promotes a thorough working familiarity with MATLAB for materials scientists. + Gives the information needed to write efficient and compact programs to solve problems in materials science, tribology, mechanics of materials and other material-related disciplines.

Iain Pardoe .. 346 pages - Publisher: Wiley; 2nd edition (July, 2012) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 1118097289 - ISBN-13: 978-1118097281.

Fully revised to reflect the latest methodologies and emerging applications, Applied Regression Modeling, Second Edition continues to highlight the benefits of statistical methods, specifically regression analysis and modeling, for understanding, analyzing, and interpreting multivariate data in business, science, and social science applications. The author utilizes a bounty of real-life examples, case studies, illustrations, and graphics to introduce readers to the world of regression analysis using various software packages, including R, SPSS, Minitab, SAS, JMP, and S-PLUS. In a clear and careful writing style, the book introduces modeling extensions that illustrate more advanced regression techniques, including logistic regression, Poisson regression, discrete choice models, multilevel models, and Bayesian modeling.

In addition, the Second Edition features clarification and expansion of challenging topics, such as: Transformations, indicator variables, and interaction + Testing model assumptions + Nonconstant variance + Autocorrelation + Variable selection methods + Model building and graphical interpretation. Throughout the book, datasets and examples have been updated and additional problems are included at the end of each chapter, allowing readers to test their comprehension of the presented material. In addition, a related website features the book's datasets, presentation slides, detailed statistical software instructions, and learning resources including additional problems and instructional videos.

John D. Kelleher ... 296 pages - Publisher: The MIT Press (September, 2019) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 0262537559 - ISBN-13: 978-0262537551.

An accessible introduction to the artificial intelligence technology that enables computer vision, speech recognition, machine translation, and driverless cars. Deep learning is an artificial intelligence technology that enables computer vision, speech recognition in mobile phones, machine translation, AI games, driverless cars, and other applications. When we use consumer products from Google, Microsoft, Facebook, Apple, or Baidu, we are often interacting with a deep learning system. In this volume in the MIT Press Essential Knowledge series, computer scientist John Kelleher offers an accessible and concise but comprehensive introduction to the fundamental technology at the heart of the artificial intelligence revolution.

Alan Agresti ... 400 pages - Publisher: Wiley; 3rd edition (November, 2018) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 1119405262 - ISBN-13: 978-1119405269.

A valuable new edition of a standard reference: The use of statistical methods for categorical data has increased dramatically, particularly for applications in the biomedical and social sciences. An Introduction to Categorical Data Analysis, Third Edition summarizes these methods and shows readers how to use them using software. Readers will find a unified generalized linear models approach that connects logistic regression and loglinear models for discrete data with normal regression for continuous data.

Adding to the value in the new edition is: • Illustrations of the use of R software to perform all the analyses in the book • A new chapter on alternative methods for categorical data, including smoothing and regularization methods (such as the lasso), classification methods such as linear discriminant analysis and classification trees, and cluster analysis • New sections in many chapters introducing the Bayesian approach for the methods of that chapter • More than 70 analyses of data sets to illustrate application of the methods, and about 200 exercises, many containing other data sets • An appendix showing how to use SAS, Stata, and SPSS, and an appendix with short solutions to most odd-numbered exercises

Written in an applied, nontechnical style, this book illustrates the methods using a wide variety of real data, including medical clinical trials, environmental questions, drug use by teenagers, horseshoe crab mating, basketball shooting, correlates of happiness, and much more. An Introduction to Categorical Data Analysis, Third Edition is an invaluable tool for statisticians and biostatisticians as well as methodologists in the social and behavioral sciences, medicine and public health, marketing, education, and the biological and agricultural sciences.

Yorick Wilks ... 176 pages - Publisher: Icon Books Ltd.; (June, 2019) ... Language: English - AmazonSIN: B07RL4MCXK.

Artificial intelligence has long been a mainstay of science fiction and increasingly it feels as if AI is entering our everyday lives, with technology like Apple’s Siri now prominent, and self-driving cars almost upon us. But what do we actually mean when we talk about ‘AI’? Are the sentient machines of 2001 or The Matrix a real possibility or will real-world artificial intelligence look and feel very different? What has it done for us so far? And what technologies could it yield in the future?. AI expert Yorick Wilks takes a journey through the history of artificial intelligence up to the present day, examining its origins, controversies and achievements, as well as looking into just how it works. He also considers the future, assessing whether these technologies could menace our way of life, but also how we are all likely to benefit from AI applications in the years to come. Entertaining, enlightening, and keenly argued, this is the essential one-stop guide to the AI debate.

Kandethody M. Ramachandran, Chris P. Tsokos ... 704 pages - Publisher: Academic Press; 3rd edition (June, 2020) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 0128178159 - ISBN-13: 978-0128178157.

Mathematical Statistics with Applications in R, Third Edition, offers a modern calculus-based theoretical introduction to mathematical statistics and applications. The book covers many modern statistical computational and simulation concepts that are not covered in other texts, such as the Jackknife, bootstrap methods, the EM algorithms, and Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods, such as the Metropolis algorithm, Metropolis-Hastings algorithm and the Gibbs sampler. By combining discussion on the theory of statistics with a wealth of real-world applications, the book helps students to approach statistical problem-solving in a logical manner. Step-by-step procedure to solve real problems make the topics very accessible.

Rick Durrett ... 430 pages - Publisher: Cambridge Univ. Press; 5th edition (May, 2019) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 1108473687 - ISBN-13: 978-1108473682.

This lively introduction to measure-theoretic probability theory covers laws of large numbers, central limit theorems, random walks, martingales, Markov chains, ergodic theorems, and Brownian motion. Concentrating on results that are the most useful for applications, this comprehensive treatment is a rigorous graduate text and reference. Operating under the philosophy that the best way to learn probability is to see it in action, the book contains extended examples that apply the theory to concrete applications. This fifth edition contains a new chapter on multidimensional Brownian motion and its relationship to partial differential equations (PDEs), an advanced topic that is finding new applications. Setting the foundation for this expansion, Chapter 7 now features a proof of Itô's formula. Key exercises that previously were simply proofs left to the reader have been directly inserted into the text as lemmas. The new edition re-instates discussion about the central limit theorem for martingales and stationary sequences.

Nilanjan Dey, Sanjeev Wagh, Parikshit N. Mahalle, Mohd. Shafi Pathan ... 243 pages - Publisher: CRC Press; (May, 2019) ... Language: English - AmazonSIN: B07S4BVPSL.

The book focuses on how machine learning and the Internet of Things (IoT) has empowered the advancement of information driven arrangements including key concepts and advancements. Ontologies that are used in heterogeneous IoT environments have been discussed including interpretation, context awareness, analyzing various data sources, machine learning algorithms and intelligent services and applications. Further, it includes unsupervised and semi-supervised machine learning techniques with study of semantic analysis and thorough analysis of reviews. Divided into sections such as machine learning, security, IoT and data mining, the concepts are explained with practical implementation including results.

Key Features: Follows an algorithmic approach for data analysis in machine learning + Introduces machine learning methods in applications + Address the emerging issues in computing such as deep learning, machine learning, Internet of Things and data analytics + Focuses on machine learning techniques namely unsupervised and semi-supervised for unseen and seen data sets + Case studies are covered relating to human health, transportation and Internet applications

Ryan Mitchell ... 308 pages - Publisher: O'Reilly Media; 2nd edition (April, 2018) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 1491985577 - ISBN-13: 978-1491985571.

If programming is magic then web scraping is surely a form of wizardry. By writing a simple automated program, you can query web servers, request data, and parse it to extract the information you need. The expanded edition of this practical book not only introduces you web scraping, but also serves as a comprehensive guide to scraping almost every type of data from the modern web. Part I focuses on web scraping mechanics: using Python to request information from a web server, performing basic handling of the server’s response, and interacting with sites in an automated fashion. Part II explores a variety of more specific tools and applications to fit any web scraping scenario you’re likely to encounter. Parse complicated HTML pages + Develop crawlers with the Scrapy framework + Learn methods to store data you scrape + Read and extract data from documents + Clean and normalize badly formatted data + Read and write natural languages + Crawl through forms and logins + Scrape JavaScript and crawl through APIs + Use and write image-to-text software + Avoid scraping traps and bot blockers + Use scrapers to test your website.

Prasad Kothari ... 176 pages - Publisher: Packt Publishing; (October, 2015) ... Language: English - AmazonSIN: B013R02BOC.

STATA is an integrated software package that provides you with everything you need for data analysis, data management, and graphics. STATA also provides you with a platform to efficiently perform simulation, regression analysis (linear and multiple) [and custom programming. This book covers data management, graphs visualization, and programming in STATA. Starting with an introduction to STATA and data analytics you'll move on to STATA programming and data management. Next, the book takes you through data visualization and all the important statistical tests in STATA. Linear and logistic regression in STATA is also covered. As you progress through the book, you will explore a few analyses, including the survey analysis, time series analysis, and survival analysis in STATA. You'll also discover different types of statistical modelling techniques and learn how to implement these techniques in STATA.

Bertrand S. Clarke, Jennifer L. Clarke ... 656 pages - Publisher: Cambridge Univ. Press; (April, 2018) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 1107028280 - ISBN-13: 978-1107028289.

All scientific disciplines prize predictive success. Conventional statistical analyses, however, treat prediction as secondary, instead focusing on modeling and hence estimation, testing, and detailed physical interpretation, tackling these tasks before the predictive adequacy of a model is established. This book outlines a fully predictive approach to statistical problems based on studying predictors; the approach does not require predictors correspond to a model although this important special case is included in the general approach. Throughout, the point is to examine predictive performance before considering conventional inference. These ideas are traced through five traditional subfields of statistics, helping readers to refocus and adopt a directly predictive outlook. The book also considers prediction via contemporary 'black box' techniques and emerging data types and methodologies where conventional modeling is so difficult that good prediction is the main criterion available for evaluating the performance of a statistical method. Well-documented open-source R code in a Github repository allows readers to replicate examples and apply techniques to other investigations.

Bradley Efron, Trevor Hastie ... 495 pages - Publisher: Cambridge Univ. Press; (July, 2016) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 1107149894 - ISBN-13: 978-1107149892.

The twenty-first century has seen a breathtaking expansion of statistical methodology, both in scope and in influence. 'Big data', 'data science', and 'machine learning' have become familiar terms in the news, as statistical methods are brought to bear upon the enormous data sets of modern science and commerce. How did we get here? And where are we going? This book takes us on an exhilarating journey through the revolution in data analysis following the introduction of electronic computation in the 1950s. Beginning with classical inferential theories - Bayesian, frequentist, Fisherian - individual chapters take up a series of influential topics: survival analysis, logistic regression, empirical Bayes, the jackknife and bootstrap, random forests, neural networks, Markov chain Monte Carlo, inference after model selection, and dozens more. The distinctly modern approach integrates methodology and algorithms with statistical inference. The book ends with speculation on the future direction of statistics and data science.

Valentina Emilia Balas, Sanjiban Sekhar Roy, Dharmendra Sharma, Pijush Samui ... 389 pages - Publisher: Springer; (March, 2019) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 3030114783 - ISBN-13: 978-303011478.

This book presents a broad range of deep-learning applications related to vision, natural language processing, gene expression, arbitrary object recognition, driverless cars, semantic image segmentation, deep visual residual abstraction, brain–computer interfaces, big data processing, hierarchical deep learning networks as game-playing artefacts using regret matching, and building GPU-accelerated deep learning frameworks. Deep learning, an advanced level of machine learning technique that combines class of learning algorithms with the use of many layers of nonlinear units, has gained considerable attention in recent times. Unlike other books on the market, this volume addresses the challenges of deep learning implementation, computation time, and the complexity of reasoning and modeling different type of data. As such, it is a valuable and comprehensive resource for engineers, researchers, graduate students and Ph.D. scholars.

Ralf T. Kreutzer, Marie Sirrenberg ... 313 pages - Publisher: Springer; (September, 2019) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 3030252701 - ISBN-13: 978-3030252700.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) will change the lives of people and businesses more fundamentally than many people can even imagine today. This book illustrates the importance of AI in an era of digitalization. It introduces the foundations of AI and explains its benefits and challenges for companies and entire industries. In this regard, AI is approached not just as yet another technology, but as a fundamental innovation, which will spread into all areas of the economy and life, and will disrupt business processes and business models in the years to come. In turn, the book assesses the potential that AI holds, and clarifies the framework that is necessary for pursuing a responsible approach to AI. In a series of best-practice cases, the book subsequently highlights a broad range of sectors and industries, from production to services; from customer service to marketing and sales; and in industries like retail, health care, energy, transportation and many more. In closing, a dedicated chapter outlines a roadmap for a specific corporate AI journey.

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