Articles by "Soil Mechanics"

Showing posts with label Soil Mechanics. Show all posts

Ryosuke Kitamura, Kazunari Sako ... 188 pages - Publisher: CRC Press; (August, 2019) ... Language: English - AmazonSIN: B07W86B2PY.

Soil is fundamentally a multi-phase material – consisting of solid particles, water and air. In soil mechanics and geotechnical engineering it is widely treated as an elastic, elastoplastic or visco-elastoplastic material, and consequently regarded as a continuum body. However, this book explores an alternative approach, considering soil as a multi-phase and discrete material and applying basic Newtonian mechanics rather than analytical mechanics. It applies microscopic models to the solid phase and fluid phases, and then introduces probability theory and statistics to derive average physical quantities which correspond to the soil‘s macroscopic physical properties such as void ratio and water content. This book is particularly focused on the mechanical behaviour of dry, partially saturated and full saturated sandy soil, as much of the physicochemical microscopic characteristic of clayey soil is still not clear. It explores the inter-particle forces at the point of contact of soil particles and the resultant inter-particle stresses, instead of the total stress and effective stress which are studied in mainstream soil mechanics. Deformation and strength behaviour, soil-water characteristic curves, and permeability coefficients of water and air are then derived simply from grain size distribution, soil particle density, void ratio and water content. A useful reference for consultants, professional engineers, researchers and public sector organisations involved in unsaturated soil tests. Advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students on Unsaturated Soil Mechanics courses will also find it a valuable text to study.

Pasquale Giovine, Paolo Maria Mariano, Giuseppe Mortara ... 430 pages - Publisher: Birkhäuser; (March, 2019) ... Language: English - AmazonSIN: B07QQV28CH.

This special issue collects selected contributions (excluding general lectures) of a Symposium on "Micro to MACRO Mathematical Modelling in Soil Mechanics", which took place at the University of Reggio Calabria, Italy, from May 29th to June 1st, 2018. The Symposium provided an opportunity to enhance the scientific debate on the construction of mathematical models for the description of the physical behaviour of soils, as well as on the suggestions provided by the micro-mechanical observation of the matter. The focus was on the comparison between the appropriateness of models and the need of mathematics to obtain rigorous results, which involves know-how from applied mathematical physics, geotechnical engineering and mechanics of solids.

T. S. Nagaraj ...708 pages -Publisher: Elsevier Science; (January, 1993) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 0444889116 - ISBN-13: 978-0444889119.

Soils, rocks and concrete are the principal materials a civil engineer encounters in practice. This book deals with the material analogies, their implications in property characterization, giving attention to similar as well as dissimilar methods in respect of each of these three materials. It provides an integrated, systematic approach for realistic assessment of engineering properties of soils, rocks and concrete. Geotechnical engineers, civil engineers and materials scientists will be interested in this volume.

Braja M. Das, Nagaratnam Sivakugan ... 944 pages - Publisher: Cengage Learning; 9th edition (December, 2017) ... Language: English - AmazonSIN: B079QG9TJX.

Master the core concepts and applications of foundation analysis and design with Das/Sivakugan’s best-selling Principles of Foundation Engineering 9th (SI) Edition. Written specifically for those studying undergraduate civil engineering, this invaluable resource by renowned authors in the field of geotechnical engineering provides an ideal balance of today's most current research and practical field applications. A wealth of worked-out examples and figures clearly illustrate the work of today's civil engineer, while timely information and insights help readers develop the critical skills needed to properly apply theories and analysis while evaluating soils and foundation design.

Richard Handy, Merlin Spangler ... 904 pages - Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education; 5th edition (January, 2007) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 0071481206 - ISBN-13: 978-0071481205.

Geotechnical Engineering: Principles and Practices offers students and practicing engineers a concise, easy-to-understand approach to the principles and methods of soil and geotechnical engineering. This updated classic builds from basic principles of soil mechanics and applies them to new topics, including mechanically stabilized earth (MSE), and intermediate foundations. This Fifth Edition features: Over 400 detailed illustrations and photographs + Unique background material on the geological, pedological, and mineralogical aspects of soils with emphasis on clay mineralogy, soil structure, and expansive and collapsible soils. + New coverage of mechanically stabilized earth (MSE); intermediate foundations; in-situ soil testing: statistical analysis of data; “FORE,” a scientific method for analyzing settlement; writing the geotechnical report; and the geotechnical engineer as a sleuth and expert witness. Get Quick Access to Every Soil and Geotechnical Engineering Topic: • Igneous Rocks as Ultimate Sources for Soils • The Soil Profile • Soil Minerals • Particle Size and Gradation • Soil Fabric and Soil Structure • Soil Density and Unit Weight • Soil Water • Soil Consistency and Engineering Classification • Compaction • Seepage • Stress Distribution • Settlement • Shear Strength • Lateral Stress and Retaining Walls • MSE Walls and Soil Nailing • Slope Stability, Landslides, Embankments, and Earth Dams • Bearing Capacity of Shallow Foundations • Deep Foundations • Intermediate Foundations • Loads on Pipes • In-Situ Testing • Introduction to Soil Dynamics • The Geotechnical Report

James Fern, Alexander Rohe, Kenichi Soga, Eduardo Alonso ... 442 pages - Publisher: CRC Press; (January, 2019) ... Language: English - ASIN: B07N8BKJVT by Amazon.

This practical guide provides the best introduction to large deformation material point method (MPM) simulations for geotechnical engineering. It provides the basic theory, discusses the different numerical features used in large deformation simulations, and presents a number of applications -- providing references, examples and guidance when using MPM for practical applications.

MPM covers problems in static and dynamic situations within a common framework. It also opens new frontiers in geotechnical modelling and numerical analysis. It represents a powerful tool for exploring large deformation behaviours of soils, structures and fluids, and their interactions, such as internal and external erosion, and post-liquefaction analysis; for instance the post-failure liquid-like behaviours of landslides, penetration problems such as CPT and pile installation, and scouring problems related to underwater pipelines. In the recent years, MPM has developed enough for its practical use in industry, apart from the increasing interest in the academic world.

Yanrong Li ... 502 pages - Publisher: CRC Press; (December, 2019) ... Language: English - AmazonSIN: B082MRDKYY.

Determination of the physical, chemical and mechanical properties of ground materials is the key to successfully deliver such projects as slope stabilization, excavation and lateral support, foundation etc. A book containing both theory of geomaterial testing and up-to-date testing methods is much in demand for obtaining reliable and accurate test results. This book is intended primarily to serve this need and aims at the clear explanation, in adequate depth, of the fundamental principles, requirements and procedures of soil and rock tests. It is intended that the book will serve as a useful source of reference for professionals in the field of geotechnical and geological engineering. It can work as a one-stop knowledge warehouse to build a basic cognition of material tests on which the readers are working. It helps college students bridge the gap between class education and engineering practice, and helps academic researchers guarantee reliable and accurate test results. It is also useful for training new technicians and providing a refresher for veterans. Engineers contemplating the ICE, IOM3 and other certification exams will find this book an essential test preparation aid. It is assumed that the reader has no prior knowledge of the subject but has a good understanding of basic mechanics.

Ivan Vanicek, Martin Vanicek ... 637 pages - Publisher: Springer; (August, 2008) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 1402039638 - ISBN-13: 978-1402039638.

Soil represents the oldest and most-used building material, yet up to now the subject of earthen structures has not been fully addressed. This book describes the principles of soil as construction material including its treatment using geosynthetics and stabilization. The book focuses on the principles, logic of processes, understanding of the most important problems, so that all participants in the construction project can build earth structures more safely and economically.

Fu Hua Chen ... 304 pages - Publisher: CRC Press; (September, 1999) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 0849322944 - ISBN-13: 978-0849322945.

In the last forty years, at least fifty books have been written on the subject of soil mechanics, most of them textbooks. Only a few touch on practical applications. Soil Engineering: Testing, Design, and Remediation supplies the information needed to fill the gap between textbook learning and practical know-how. When engineers deal with major projects, such as the Teton Dam or the Leaning Tower of Pisa, they need high-tech solutions. More often than not, however, they deal with the foundations for warehouses, schools, medium-rise buildings, and residential structures, projects that need low-tech solutions. Ninety percent of the time consulting engineers don't require mathematical treatment or computer analysis, they require experience.

Soil engineering problems cannot be resolved with textbook information alone. This book provides the practical meaning of the different aspects of soil mechanics, the use of unconfined compression test data, the meaning of consolidated tests, the practical value of lateral pressure, and more. In addition to the technical aspects of foundation investigation, in the real world the shadow of litigation looms over every consultant's head. The author covers legal issues in detail. After several years in foundation investigation most consultants realize that soil engineering is a combination of art and science. Soil Engineering: Testing, Design and Remediation demystifies this connection and supplies real-world examples of practical applications. This hands-on, ready reference will be essential tool for any consultant working in the field.

Lakshmi N. Reddi ... 416 pages - Publisher: Wiley; (May, 2003) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 0471356166 - ISBN-13: 978-0471356165.

 Up-to-date coverage of fundamental seepage principles, closed-form solutions, and applications Seepage in Soils combines a broad range of applications with rigorous quantitative skills to give insight into the fundamental principles and mathematical solutions of seepage. A wealth of closed-form analytical solutions are provided to solve a variety of problems, minimizing the use of computer software and numerical models. Completely up to date with coverage of new developments in separators, filters, and geosynthetics, this textbook includes exercises in seepage quantification, seepage forces, and dewatering. Complete coverage is useful in all subdivisions of civil engineering. Material is divided into three modules: Principles and mathematical solutions Filters and drainage layers Applications Only a nominal background in mathematics and soil mechanics is required for Seepage in Soils to serve as an invaluable resource for civil engineering students across many subdisciplines. In addition, it serves as a useful reference for geotechnical, environmental, and structural engineers, hydrologists, geologists, agronomists, and soil scientists.

P. F. McCombie, J-Claude Morel, D. Garnier ... 186 pages - Publisher: CRC Press; (September, 2015) ... Language: English - ASIN: B015PNEVXI by Amazon.

Take a Detailed Look at the Practice of Drystone Retaining Wall Construction: Drystone retaining walls make very efficient use of local materials, and sit comfortably in their environment. They make an important contribution to heritage and to the character of the landscape, and are loved by many people who value the skill and ingenuity that has gone into their construction, as well as simply how they look. And yet, in engineering terms, they are complex. They can deform significantly as their loading changes and their constituent stones weather. This gives them ductility—they deal with changes by adapting to them. In some ways, they behave like conventional concrete retaining walls, but in many ways they are better. They cannot be designed or assessed correctly unless these differences are understood.
    Implementing concepts that require no prior knowledge of civil engineering, the authors: Explain the behavior of earth retaining structures + Provide a theoretical framework for modeling the mechanical stability of a drystone retaining wall  + Outline reliable rules for constructing a drystone retaining wall  + Include charts to support the preliminary sizing of drystone retaining walls  + Examine the relevance of drystone in terms of sustainability  + Describe more advanced methods of analysis.

    S. Kumar Shukla ... 456 pages - Publisher: Thomas Telford Publishing; (January, 2002) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 0727731173 - ISBN-13: 978-0727731173.

    Geosynthetics are being used extensively throughout the world as they offer the most efficient and cost-effective solutions of a myriad of civil engineering problems. If properly protected, geosynthetics have the potential of functioning for hundreds of years. Rational design methods - based on sound concepts and standardized text techniques for determining the technical properties of geosynthetics - are now available, placing the use of geosynthetics on a firm base.

    Wlodzimierz Derski, Ryszard Izbicki, Igor Kisiel, Zenon Mroz ... 738 pages - Publisher: Elsevier Science; (January, 1989) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 0444564381 - ISBN-13: 978-0444564382.

    Although theoretical in character, this book provides a useful source of information for those dealing with practical problems relating to rock and soil mechanics - a discipline which, in the view of the authors, attempts to apply the theory of continuum to the mechanical investigation of rock and soil media. The book is in two separate parts. The first part, embodying the first three chapters, is devoted to a description of the media of interest. Chapter 1 introduces the main argument and discusses the essence of the discipline and its links with other branches of science which are concerned, on the one hand, with technical mechanics and, on the other, with the properties, origins, and formation of rock and soil strata under natural field conditions. Chapter 2 describes mechanical models of bodies useful for the purpose of the discourse and defines the concept of the limit shear resistance of soils and rocks. Chapter 3 gives the actual properties of soils and rocks determined from experiments in laboratories and in situ. Several tests used in geotechnical engineering are described and interconnections between the physical state of rocks and soils and their rheological parameters are considered. The second part of the book considers the applications of various theories which were either first developed for descriptive purposes in continuum mechanics and then adopted in soil and rock mechanics, or were specially developed for the latter discipline. Chapter 4 discusses the application of the theory of linear viscoelasticity in solving problems of stable behaviour of rocks and soils. Chapter 5 covers the use of the groundwater flow theory as applied to several problems connected with water movement in an undeformable soil or rock skeleton. Chapter 6 is a natural expansion of the arguments put forward in the previous chapter. Here the movement of water is regarded as the cause of deformation of the rock or soil skeleton.

    Balram Panigrahi, Megh R. Goyal ... 550 pages - Publisher: Apple Academic Press; (March, 2017) ... Language: English - ASIN: B06XDSNZLB by Amazon.

    Modeling aspects have added a new dimension in research innovations in all branches of engineering. In the field of soil and water engineering, they are increasingly used for planning, development, and management of land and water resources, including analysis of quantity and quality parameters of surface and ground water, flood forecasting and control measures, optimum allocation and utilization of irrigation water. The application of these models saves considerable time in decision support systems and helps in conservation and optimum allocations of scarce precious natural resources.

    Tom Schanz ... 505 pages - Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg; 1st edition (June, 2007) ... Language: English - ASIN: B001BS6NKQ by Amazon.

    These proceedings are a continuation of the series of International Conferences in Germany entitled 'Mechanics of Unsaturated Soils.' The primary objective is to discuss and understand unsaturated soil behaviour such that engineered activities are made better with times in terms of judgement and quality. We all realise by now that in addition to the knowledge on the classical concepts, it becomes an enormous challenging task to adapt convincing new concepts and present them in such a way that it could be used in engineering practices. The experimental studies reported primarily focus on the role of microstructure and fabric for the complex coupled hydro-mechanical behaviour of cohesive frictional materials. Several papers consider the relevance of temperature affecting the constitutive behaviour of clays. Common features of state of the art theoretical and numerical approaches, including theory of porous media and mixture theory, intend to describe the complex multi-field problems of fully coupled thermo-hydraulic-mechanical-chemical initial - boundary value problems. Applications include highly toxic waste disposals, slope stability problems and contaminants transport in porous media. These proceedings would have been not possible without financial support by the German Research Foundation (DFG). We gratefully acknowledge the support of ISSMGE, especially TC6 'Unsaturated Soils'.

    K. H. Head ... This volume, the first in a set of three, is a vital working manual that covers the basic tests for the classification and compaction characteristics of engineering soils. It will therefore be an essential practical handbook for all engaged on the testing of soils in a laboratory for building and civil engineering purposes. Based on the author's experience over many years managing large soil testing laboratories, the book places emphasis on ensuring that procedures are fully understood. Each test procedure is broken down into simple stages, describing each step in detail. The use of flow diagrams and the setting out of test data and calculations will be of great benefit, especially for the newcomer to soil testing. The book contains many numerical examples, which illustrate the methods of calculation and graphical presentations of typical results. It also includes vital information on good techniques, laboratory safety, the calibration of measuring instruments, essential checks on equipment, and laboratory accreditation. Volume 1: Soil Classification and Compaction Tests is an essential working manual for all those involved in geotechnical laboratory testing. The book assumes a basic knowledge of mathematics, physics and chemistry, though it explains some of the fundamental principles that are essential in soil testing where appropriate.
    Info-Details: 416 pages - Publisher: Whittles Publishing; 3rd edition (September, 2006) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 1420044672 - ISBN-13: 978-1420044676 ...

    This volume provides a comprehensive working manual for the laboratory testing of soils for civil engineers. It is an essential practical handbook for all who are engaged in laboratory testing of soils as well as being of great value to professional engineers, consultants, academics and students in geotechnical engineering. Revised and updated, the contents reflect current practice in standard laboratory test procedures for determining some of the important engineering properties of soils. The authors have had many years experience in managing large soil testing laboratories since the early 1950s through to the present day, whilst actively contributing to the development of geotechnical testing through training courses, lectures, committees and working groups. They recognise that it is particularly important for test methods to be fully understood and a step-by-step approach has therefore been used in presenting each section.

    The test procedures comprise the measurement of soil permeability, CBR value, drained and undrained shear strength, and consolidation characteristics. Additional material in this new edition includes the Fall cone procedure for measurement of shear strength in clays based on the European Technical Specification, a simplified direct approach and a useful arrangement for applying pressures in multistage triaxial tests to meet the requirements of BS1377. The latest requirements for calibration of equipment and measuring devices are presented and discussed, together with the significance of quality assurance based on recognised laboratory accreditation to ISO/IEC 17025. Descriptions of test methods are complemented by many numerical examples in order to illustrate the methods for recording test data, making calculations, presenting graphical plots and deriving test results. Fundamental principles are explained, where appropriate, so that the operator can have a better understanding of the significance of the tests and guidance is given where experience has shown that difficulties may be encountered. The importance of good techniques, essential checks on test equipment and laboratory safety are all emphasised.
    Info-Details: 480 pages - Publisher: Whittles Publishing; 3rd edition (September, 2011) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 143986988X - ISBN-13: 978-1439869888 ...

    This volume provides a comprehensive working manual for the laboratory testing of soils for civil engineers. It is an essential practical handbook for all who are engaged in laboratory testing of soils as well as being of great value to professional engineers, consultants, academics and students in geotechnical engineering. Revised and updated, the contents reflect current practice in standard laboratory test procedures for determining some of the important engineering properties of soils. The authors have had many years experience in managing large soil testing laboratories since the early 1950s through to the present day, whilst actively contributing to the development of geotechnical testing through training courses, lectures, committees and working groups. They recognise that it is particularly important for test methods to be fully understood and a step-by-step approach has therefore been used in presenting each section.

    The test procedures comprise the measurement of soil permeability, CBR value, drained and undrained shear strength, and consolidation characteristics. Additional material in this new edition includes the Fall cone procedure for measurement of shear strength in clays based on the European Technical Specification, a simplified direct approach and a useful arrangement for applying pressures in multistage triaxial tests to meet the requirements of BS1377. The latest requirements for calibration of equipment and measuring devices are presented and discussed, together with the significance of quality assurance based on recognised laboratory accreditation to ISO/IEC 17025. Descriptions of test methods are complemented by many numerical examples in order to illustrate the methods for recording test data, making calculations, presenting graphical plots and deriving test results. Fundamental principles are explained, where appropriate, so that the operator can have a better understanding of the significance of the tests and guidance is given where experience has shown that difficulties may be encountered. The importance of good techniques, essential checks on test equipment and laboratory safety are all emphasised.
    Info-Details: 416 pages - Publisher: Whittles Publishing; 3rd edition (September, 2014) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 1482227967 - ISBN-13: 978-1482227963 ...

    John Atkinson ... 242 pages - Publisher: CRC Press; (May, 2014) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 148220617X - ISBN-13: 978-1482206173.

    Fundamentals of Ground Engineering is an unconventional study guide that serves up the key principles, theories, definitions, and analyses of geotechnical engineering in bite-sized pieces. This book contains brief—one or two pages per topic—snippets of information covering the geotechnical engineering component of a typical undergraduate course in civil engineering as well as some topics for advanced courses. Written in note form, it summarizes the basic principles and theories of soil mechanics, the procedures for creating a geotechnical model, and the common analyses for slopes, foundations, and walls. Puts the mechanics into soil mechanics + Presents information that is simple to use—structured around diagrams and formulae with few words  + Explains detailed analyses given in the longer standard texts. A short, easily read summary of the basic theories and routine analyses of ground engineering, Fundamentals of Ground Engineering incorporates plenty of diagrams and concentrated data without going into detailed explanations. This text is an ideal reference for students, practicing civil engineers—senior and junior—and by engineering geologists.

    Roy E. Hunt ... 334 pages - Publisher: CRC; (March, 2007) ... Language: English - ASIN: B008KZ6S9Y by Amazon.

    Geologic hazards pose the greatest threat to human safety for any geotechnical undertaking, but it is ultimately the engineer's ability to recognize and cope with these hazards that will determine the safety of life and property. Armed with Geologic Hazards: A Field Guide for Geotechnical Engineers you will be able to properly recognize, understand various geologic hazards, and provide safe and economical construction. Eminent expert Roy E. Hunt thoroughly examines the potential for slope failures, earthquakes, ground subsidence, collapse, and expansion. Using a clear conceptual approach, he explains what measures are available to minimize or eliminate the risks associated with each of these geologic hazards. The book sets forth the basis for recognizing, understanding, and treating geologic hazards, using general concepts rather than rigorous mathematical analyses. The author covers the prediction of slope failures through recognition of geologic and other factors that govern failure, the treatment of slopes that are potentially unstable and pose a danger to some existing development, the design and construction of stable cut slopes and sidehill fills, and the stabilization of failed slopes. He provides the foundation for determining the potential for surface movements and for preventing or controlling their effects. A section on earthquakes summarizes and links all of the aspects of earthquakes including their causes, characteristics, and surface effects. It provides a thorough grounding in how to recognize hazard potential and minimize the consequences. There is no field within geotechnical engineering in which the state of the art is changing so rapidly. Providing the latest information, this resource is a useful tool for designing new projects and redesigning old ones.

    Yehuda Klausner ... 607 pages - Publisher: Springer; (November, 2011) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 1447116798 - ISBN-13: 978-1447116790

    Fundamentals of Continuum Mechanics of Soils provides a long-needed general scheme for the study of the important yet problematic material of soil. It closes the gap between two disciplines, soil mechanics and con- tinuum mechanics, showing that the familiar concepts of soil mechanics evolve directly from continuum mechanics. It confirms concepts such as pore pressures, cohesion and dependence of the shear stress on consolidation, and rejects the view that continuum mechanics cannot be applied to a material such as soil. The general concepts of continuum mechanics, field equations and constitutive equations are discussed. It is shown how the theory of mixtures evolves from these equations and how, along with energetics and irrevers- ible thermodynamics, it can be applied to soils. The discussion also sheds light on some aspects of mechanics of materials, especially compressible materials. Examples are the introduction of the Hencky measure of strain, the requirement of dual constitutive equations, and the dependence of the spent internal energy on the stored internal energy. Researchers in engineering mechanics and material sciences may find that the results of experiments on soils can be generalized and extended to other materials. The book is a reference text for students familiar with the fundamentals of mechanics, for scholars of soil engineering, and for soil scientists. It is also suitable as an advanced undergraduate course in soil mechanics.

    Alan J. Lutenegger ... 512 pages - Publisher: CRC Press; (March, 2017) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 1498741010 - ISBN-13: 978-1498741019

    This book covers the field of applied geotechnology related to all aspects of construction in ground, including compacted fill, excavations, ground improvement, foundations, earth retaining systems and geotechnical site characterization. It suits the first year of a graduate course on ground improvement and geoconstruction and will suit practicing engineers, both consultants and contractors. Distinctively it covers the identification of problematic soils and appropriate mitigation measures, and the inspection of ground construction work. It combines the technical and the practical in applied geotechnology.

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