Articles by "Retaining Structures"

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Showing posts with label Retaining Structures. Show all posts

Kenneth Thomas ... 328 pages - Publisher: Laxton's; (November, 1995) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 0750624655 - ISBN-13: 978-0750624657.

The book is a useful reference for architects, builders, building surveyors and structural engineers and is an essential text book for professional students in these disciplines. Kenneth Thomas is well known in the construction industry for his many papers and articles on masonry and has for the past eleven years been a consulting engineer and building technologist specialising in masonry. He is a chartered structural engineer, a chartered builder and in 1970 was awarded a Master of Science degree by the University of Salford for his research into brickwork and materials. He was formerly Chief Technical Officer of the Brick Development Association; Head of Construction Technology at Birmingham Polytechnic (now the University of Central England) and Deputy Director of the Timber Research and Development Association. He has for many years served on numerous BSI, DOE and Professional Institutional committees and is a recipient of the Institution of Structural Engineers Oscar Faber Bronze Medal and the BSI's Distinguished Service Certificate.

V. M. Ulitsky, M. B. Lisyuk, A. G. Shashkin ... 404 pages - Publisher: IOS Press (February, 2015) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 1614994633 - ISBN-13: 978-1614994633

With construction techniques becoming ever more complex, and population pressure leading to the development of increasingly problematic sites, expertise in the area of soil structure interaction is crucial to architectural and construction industries worldwide.This book contains the proceedings of the ISSMGE Technical Committee 207 International Conference on Geotechnical Engineering - Soil Structure Interaction and Retaining Walls - held in St Petersburg, Russia, in June 2014. The conference was dedicated to the memory of the outstanding geotechnical expert Gregory Porphyryevich Tschebotarioff.Topics covered at the conference included: soil structure interaction, underground structures and retaining walls, site investigation as a source of input parameters for soil structure interaction, and interaction between structures and frozen soils.The papers included here are the English language papers. Papers presented by the authors in Russian are published by the Georeconstruction Institute of St. Petersburg.

Klaas Jan Bakker ... 236 pages - Publisher: CRC Press; (January, 2000) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 9058093212 - ISBN-13: 978-9058093219

Models for structural analysis are needed in order to design safe and reliable soil-retaining structures. This study evaluates numerical models, mostly based on finite element techniques. This book provides a frame of reference for verification and validation of these models.

StructurePoint Concrete Software Solutions [Size: 289 MB] ... spBeam Version 3.6 - for analysis, design, and investigation of reinforced concrete beams, joist and one-way slab systems. spColumn Version 4.81 - for design and investigation of rectangular, round, and irregular concrete columns including slenderness effects. spFrame Version 1.50 - multi-purpose structural modeling and finite element analysis package for two- and three-dimensional buildings and structures with robust, straightforward, quick yet simple interface. spMats Version 8.01 - for analysis, design and investigation of concrete foundations, mats, combined footings, pile caps, slabs on grade, underground and buried structures. spSlab Version 3.6 - for analysis, design, and investigation of elevated reinforced concrete beams, joist, one-way, two-way and slab band systems. spWall Version 4.02 - ror analysis design and investigation of reinforced concrete, precast, ICF, tilt-up, retaining and architectural walls.

CSI SAFE 2014 Version 14.2.0.1069 INTEGRATED DESIGN OF SLABS, MATS AND FOOTINGS [Size: 297 MB ] ... SAFE is the ultimate tool for designing concrete floor and foundation systems. From framing layout all the way through to detail drawing production, SAFE integrates every aspect of the engineering design process in one easy and intuitive environment. SAFE provides unmatched benefits to the engineer with its truly unique combination of power, comprehensive capabilities, and ease-of-use. Laying out models is quick and efficient with the sophisticated drawing tools, or use one of the import options to bring in data from CAD, spreadsheet, or database programs. Slabs or foundations can be of any shape, and can include edges shaped with circular and spline curves.
Post-tensioning may be included in both slabs and beams to balance a percentage of the self-weight. Suspended slabs can include flat, two-way, waffle, and ribbed framing systems. Models can have columns, braces, walls, and ramps connected from the floors above and below. Walls can be modeled as either straight or curved. Mats and foundations can include nonlinear uplift from the soil springs, and a nonlinear cracked analysis is available for slabs. Generating pattern surface loads is easily done by SAFE with an automated option. Design strips can be generated by SAFE or drawn in a completely arbitrary manner by the user, with complete control provided for locating and sizing the calculated reinforcement. Finite element design without strips is also available and useful for slabs with complex geometries. Comprehensive and customizable reports are available for all analysis and design results. Detailed plans, sections, elevations, schedules, and tables may be generated, viewed, and printed from within SAFE or exported to CAD packages. SAFE provides an immensely capable yet easy-to-use program for structural designers, provideing the only tool necessary for the modeling, analysis, design, and detailing of concrete slab systems and foundations.

RetainPro v11.16.07.15 [Size: 38.9 MB] ... If you design retaining walls, you know it's tedious and time-consuming. Retain Pro makes it easier.. much easier!  In minutes you can design or analyze nearly any configuration or loading condition for cantilevered, restrained, gravity, gabion, soldier pile, or segmental retaining walls. Retaining walls are complex design tasks... requiring an incredible amount of calculation time. RetainPro 10 offers extensive design capability for all of the most common wall types.  Afraid to design segmental walls with geogrids? Not any more… RetainPro 10 turns this specialized design task into a 5 minute optimization session! Retain Pro designs and analyzes nearly any cantilevered or restrained retaining wall, concrete or masonry, with just about any configuration and loading condition. Segmental retaining walls too!

Kenneth M. Leet, Chia-Ming Uang ... 832 pages - Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education; 2nd edition (February, 2004) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 0073401099 - ISBN-13: 978-007340109 ...

Fundamentals of Structural Analysis second edition, introduces engineering and architectural students to the basic techniques for analyzing the most common structural elements, including beams, trusses, frames, cables, and arches. The text covers the classical methods of analysis for determinate and indeterminate structures, and provides an introduction to the matrix formulation on which computer analysis is based. This edition features an expanded treatment of snow, earthquake, and wind loads that are part of the updated ANSI/ASCE 7 standards. We've also added Historical Notes to this addition that provide valuable insights to the development of today's techniques and practices.

Hugh Brooks ... 220 pages - Publisher: HBA Publications, Inc.; 8th edition ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 0976836408 - ISBN-13: 978-0976836407  ...

Updated and expanded throughout, this new edition covers nearly every type of retaining strucutre: canilevered, counterfort, restrained (basement walls), gravity, segmental, sheet pile, soldier pile, and others. Current building code requirements are covered including IBC '09, ACI 318-08, MSJC '08, ASCE 7-05, CBC '07, and AASHTO. Topics include: Types of retaining structures; soil properties and terminology; design of concrete and masonry walls, lateral earth pressure determinations; Rankine, Coulomb and EFP methods; surcharges; seismic design; stability; foundation design; pile and pier foundations; and swimming pool walls. Fourteen varied design examples. Comprehensive Appendix. 220 pages, 8-1/2x11 spiral bound.

RuNet BetonExpress v17.01.2017 [Size: 65.3 MB] ... With BetonExpress you can easily design structural elements of reinforced concrete. For each structural element, you specify the basic dimensions, loads and material properties, and you obtain the detailed concrete design in ultimate limit state (ULS), and in serviceability limit state (SLS). The dimensioning is according to Eurocode 2, EN 1992-1-1:2004, Design of concrete structures, General rules and rules for buildings, with supplement of Eurocode 7, EN 1997-1:2004, Geotechnical design – General rules, for geotechnical analysis (footings, retaining walls), Eurocode 0, EN 1990:2002, for load combinations, and Eurocode 8 for seismic loading. The last EN versions of the Eurocodes are implemented. You can also compute the capacity of slabs, beams and columns strengthened with FRP (fibre-reinforced polymers). Regular and light weight aggregate concrete included. The program's CAD modulus automatic generates detailed drawings of the structure and the reinforcement. A combined detailed report and reinforcing steel schedule is produced for the designed concrete components. Assumptions and references to design codes are shown in the report. The reinforcing steel schedule can be edited with a specialised editor which is included. The user can select the applicable National Annex. The design code parameters, as well as default values, can be adjusted by the user. Design Charts and Tables for use and understanding of Eurocode 2 are included n the program. In addition a set of engineering tools are included in the program. Retaining walls: Retaining walls of gravity or cantilever type (reinforced). Geotechnical design using Eurocode 7, EN 1997-1:2004, Geotechnical design – General rules or allowable soil stress. Active and passive earth pressure using Coulomb's theory. Design of gravity walls using Eurocode 6 (EC6) or allowable stresses. Earthquake analysis according to Eurocode 8 (EC8),  Mononobe-Okabe. Two different types of cantilever walls in the program: Type-A. Walls with very small back heel. The active earth pressure is computed using Coulomb's theory at the back face of the wall. Type B. Walls with back heel. The active earth pressure is computed using Rankine's theory at a vertical surface at the end of the heel.

Chris Clayton, Rick I. Woods, Andrew J. Bond, Jarbas Milititsky ... 608 pages - Publisher: CRC Press; 3rd edition (May, 2014) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 1466552115 - ISBN-13: 978-1466552111 ...
 
When it comes to designing and constructing retaining structures that are safe and durable, understanding the interaction between soil and structure is at the foundation of it all. Laying down the groundwork for the non-specialists looking to gain an understanding of the background and issues surrounding geotechnical engineering, Earth Pressure and Earth-Retaining Structures, Third Edition introduces the mechanisms of earth pressure, and explains the design requirements for retaining structures. This text makes clear the uncertainty of parameter and partial factor issues that underpin recent codes. It then goes on to explain the principles of the geotechnical design of gravity walls, embedded walls, and composite structures. What’s New in the Third Edition: The first half of the book brings together and describes possible interactions between the ground and a retaining wall. It also includes materials that factor in available software packages dealing with seepage and slope instability, therefore providing a greater understanding of design issues and allowing readers to readily check computer output. The second part of the book begins by describing the background of Eurocode 7, and ends with detailed information about gravity walls, embedded walls, and composite walls. It also includes recent material on propped and braced excavations as well as work on soil nailing, anchored walls, and cofferdams. Previous chapters on the development of earth pressure theory and on graphical techniques have been moved to an appendix. Earth Pressure and Earth-Retaining Structures, Third Edition is written for practicing geotechnical, civil, and structural engineers and forms a reference for engineering geologists, geotechnical researchers, and undergraduate civil engineering students.

Muni Budhu ... 500 pages - Publisher: Wiley; 1st edition (January, 2008) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 0471470120 - ISBN-13: 978-0471470120  ...

Foundations and Earth Structures is written primarily for an undergraduate course in foundation analysis and design. It should also appeal to graduate students and practicing engineers. There are three primary objectives for this textbook. Firstly, to present basic concepts and fundamental principles that are necessary to understand the background of the methods employed in foundation design. Secondly, to inform students on the values and limitations of popular methods of analyses in foundation engineering. Thirdly, to provide a framework for students to carry out simple foundation design and appreciate the design process. This is a textbook and not a design manual. Consequently, it emphasizes fundamentals rather than procedures. However, practical procedures, where appropriate, are included to allow students to transit into "office" design. The topics are sequenced so as not to rush the students into design but to build a solid foundation in the fundamentals so that they could understand the implications of the assumptions in the design.

CtiSoftware Vespa2 MSE v2.5.12.6522 [Size: 9.16 MB] ... New Vespa2 has all of the features of functionality of the original version, with some very important upgrades. Vespa2 includes a detailed, hand-calculation style PDF report that allows the user or reviewer to step through every equation and result in the analysis. Currently, the “Equation Report” is included for NCMA, Reinforced, Conventional and No-Fines Concrete Analysis (Static and Seismic), but will soon be updated to include AASHTO 2015.  Another key features incorporated into Vespa2 is the automatic BDF and GDF File updates.  The BDF (Block Definition File) and GDF (Geogrid Definition Files) will now be automatically updated with all of the latest Block and Geogrid information. Vespa MSE (Mechanically Stabilized Earth) Design Software is different. Created by experts in MSE design, Vespa saves time by automating processes currently done manually, and by integrating the design and drawing process. Compared to existing MSE Design Software options, Vespa increases design efficiency, improves accuracy, and promotes a seamless flow of information between design stages and parties.

Ömer Aydan ... 500 pages - Publisher: CRC Press; 1st edition (January, 2018) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 1138095834 - ISBN-13: 978-1138095830 ...

The stability of underground and surface geotechnical structures during and after excavation is of great concern as any kind of instability may result in damage to the environment as well as time-consuming high cost repair work. The forms of instability, their mechanisms and the conditions associated with them must be understood so that correct stabilisation of the structure through rock reinforcement and/or rock support can be undertaken. Rock Reinforcement and Rock Support elucidates the reinforcement functions of rock bolts/rock anchors and support systems consisting of shotcrete, steel ribs and concrete liners and evaluates their reinforcement and supporting effects both qualitatively and quantitatively. It draws on the research activities and practices carried out by the author for more than three decades and has culminated in a most extensive up-to-date and a complete treatise on rock reinforcement and rock support.

EnSoft Suite 2018 [Size: 232 MB] ... LPILE - Analyze response of piles and shafts in multi-layered soil media. + GROUP - Analyze response of pile groups in multi-layered soil media. + APILE - Analyze the axial capacity of driven piles in mutli-layered soils. + PYWall - Analyze flexible retaining walls in layered soils. + SHAFT - Study the response of drilled shafts under axial loading. + TZPILE - Analyze load-settlement relationships of vertically loaded piles with downdrag. + DynaN - Determine the dynamic response of shallow and deep foundations. + DynaPile - Analyze the dynamic response of pile groups in horizontally layered elastic media. + DynaMat - Analyze the dynamic response of mat foundations under dynamic loading. + GeoMat - Analyze mat or structural slabs supported on soil media. + SETOFF - Software for computing foundation settlement. + STABLPRO - Software for computing the slope stability.

ASDIP Retain v3.7.1 [Size: 61.5 MB] ... ASDIP RETAIN is structural engineering software utilized by engineers for design of retaining walls. ASDIP RETAIN is based upon the latest IBC / ACI 318 specifications. ASDIP RETAIN greatly simplifies time-consuming calculations in a structural engineering office. Cantilever Retaining Wall Design: This structural engineering software computes soil bearing pressures and analyzes stability of the structure. In addition, the stem can be either concrete or masonry. It performs concrete design based upon Ultimate Strength Design Method of ACI 318, and the masonry design per MSJC. The lateral pressures are calculated either per Rankine, Coulomb, or Equivalent Fluid theories. Seismic design based upon Mononobe-Okabe approach. Load combinations per latest IBC ASCE 7. Input Data: The input data required includes the geometry of the backfill, stem, toe, heel, and key. In addition, the program accepts a number of load cases, such as surcharge (strap, uniform and/or concentrated), wind, and seismic. The reinforcing steel may be specified and customized using multiple options. In addition, find the steel reinforcement to satisfy the strength requirements of all the controlling load combinations. Conservatively, ignore the soil bearing pressure in the heel design. Output: The program checks the wall stability for the service combined loads and performs the concrete design of the stem, toe, heel and key for the factored combined loads. In each particular case the controlling load combination is identified and reported. A detailed step-by-step report is available to the touch of a tab, which is updated with every new change. In addition, ASDIP Retain uses a pre-formated colorful text-with-values output for easier identification of the problem areas. ASDIP Retain generates a graphical view of the designed retaining wall and the resulting pressures and forces, as shown. The program also generates the moment and the shear diagrams for every load combination, as well as a view of the construction section and elevation with the reinforcement information. Note that the rebars can be easily optimized this way.

Restrained Retaining Wall Design: Retaining structures hold back soil or other loose material where an abrupt change in ground elevation occurs. The retained material or backfill exerts a push on the structure and thus tends to overturn or slide it, or both. Sometimes movement of the wall is restrained at the top, as in a basement. In such a wall, the overturning is prevented. The stem acts as a fix-pin beam and the heel and toe of such a wall act as cantilever beams. Since the wall cannot deflect, the backfill pressure is generally the at-rest condition rather than active condition. The design involves two major steps: the first one is the evaluation of the stability of the whole structure under the service loads, which includes the settlement and sliding failure modes, and the second one is the design of the different components, such as the stem, heel, toe and key, for bending and shear, under the combined factored loads. This structural engineering software computes soil bearing pressures and analyzes the stability of the structure. The stem can be either concrete or masonry. This software performs the concrete design based upon Ultimate Strength Design Method described within ACI 318. The lateral pressures are calculated either per At-rest, Rankine, Coulomb, or Equivalent Fluid theories. Seismic design of the backfill and water table. Load combinations per the latest IBC ASCE 7. Input: The input data required includes the geometry of the backfill, stem, toe, heel and key. In addition, the program accepts a number of load cases, such as surcharge (strap, uniform and/or concentrated), wind and seismic. The reinforcing steel may be specified and customized using multiple options. Output: This structural engineering software checks wall stability for service combined loads and performs strength design of stem, toe, heel, and key for factored combined loads. In each software calculation controlling load combination is identified and reported. A detailed step-by-step report is available in page tabs. All page tabs are updated with every design change. ASDIP RETAIN uses preformatted, colorful, text-with-values output for easy identification of design defects. ASDIP RETAIN generates a graphical view of designed retaining wall and resulting pressures and forces. This structural engineering software generates the moment and the shear diagrams for every load combination and including the construction section and elevation with steel reinforcement information. Rebar can be optimized.

FIDES DV-Partner Suite 2017 [Size: 866 MB] ... FIDES DV-Partner are two German system vendors based in Berlin and Munich. With experience resulting from more than 30 years providing services for civil engineering we comprehend the mission of FIDES today as a partner for structural designers, constructing engineers and architects applying high quality software. The range of the offering solutions for structural design contains building, steel, tunnel and bridge design, geotechnical or rather soil engineering up to special constructions like light weight structures. Retainment Walls + Slopes/Embankments + Foundations/Base Plates + Tunneling Constructions + Structural Steelwork.

    P. M. Jarrett, A. McGown ... 648 pages - Publisher: Springer; Reprint (October, 2013) ...
    Language: English - ISBN-10: 9401071284 - ISBN-13: 978-9401071284 ...

    Polymeric materials are being used in earthworks construction with ever increasing frequency. The term "Geosynthetics" was recently coined to encompass a diverse range of polymeric products designed for geotechnical purposes. One such purpose is the tensile reinforcement of soil~. As ten­ sile reinforcement, polymers have been used in the form of textiles, grids, linear strips and single filaments to reinforce earth structures such as road embankments, steep slopes and vertically faced soil retaining walls. A considerable number of retaining structures have been successfully con­ structed using the tensile reinforcing properties of "geosynthetics" as their primary means of stabilization. Despite such successes sufficient uncertainty exists concerning the performance of these new materials, their manner of interaction with the soil and the new design methods needed, that many authorities are still reticent concerning their use in permanent works. This book represents the proceedings of a NATO Advanced Research Workshop on the "Application of Polymeric Reinforcement in Soil Retaining Struc­ tures" held at the Royal Military College of Canada in Kingston, Ontario from June 8 to June 12, 1987. The initial concept for the workshop occur­ red during the ISSMFE Conference in San Francisco in 1985 when a group of geotextile researchers mooted the idea of hoiding a "prediction exercise" to test analytical and design methods for such structures.

    Sherif El-Tawil, P. Fortney ... 80 pages - Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers; (August, 2009) ...
    Language: English - ISBN-10: 0784410607 - ISBN-13: 978-0784410608 ...

    Hybrid Coupled Wall (HCW) systems are lateral-force-resisting systems composed of reinforced concrete walls coupled by steel beams. Extensive research has shown that HCW systems possess the necessary combination of stiffness, strength, and toughness for application in regions of moderate to high seismicity. "Recommendations for Seismic Design of Hybrid Coupled Wall Systems" synthesizes the existing information into helpful recommendations for engineers and practitioners involved with seismic analysis and design of HCW systems. This book offers two methods for system design - a prescriptive design method based on linear elastic analysis and an all-purpose performance-based design method that can be used in conjunction with linear or nonlinear analysis techniques. Guidelines for preliminary system proportioning are also provided along with recommendations for component design. This book will be valuable to engineers and professionals involved in seismic analysis.

    Ben A. van der Pluijm, Stephen Marshak ...
    672 pages - Publisher: W.W. Norton; 2nd edition (December, 2003) ...
    Language: English - ISBN-10: 039392467X - ISBN-13: 978-0393924671 ...

    The Second Edition of Earth Structure: An Introduction to Structural Geology and Tectonics takes a balanced approach to the subject―emphasizing links between structural features at all scales (microscopic, hand-specimen, outcrop, mountain-range) and deformation processes. Earth Structure shows how assemblages of structures relate to different geological settings in the context of plate tectonics. Chapters are self-contained modules that can be arranged in various sequences depending on instructor preference, and the book uses a conversational writing style, employing familiar analogies and field examples. Mathematical analysis, where used in the book, is kept at a basic level.

    Popular features include: • Self-contained chapters on deformation mechanisms (both brittle and plastic) and deformation products (fractures, faults, folds, and fabrics) that allow instructors to provide a foundation of understanding on "how" deformation takes place, as well as a thorough description of what deformation causes. • Whole chapters on tectonic settings. These chapters allow the book to be used either for a one-semester course that relates deformation to tectonic settings or for a succession of two courses (one on structure and one on tectonics), thus enabling students to buy just one book. • Essays on Regional Perspectives that provide information on tectonic analysis for eleven regions around the globe written by specialists in the area―discussions include the European Alps, the Altaids, the Appalachians, and the Cascadia Wedge. • Over 570 detailed figures providing informative illustration of concepts.
    570 black & white figures

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