Articles by "Risk Analysis"

Showing posts with label Risk Analysis. Show all posts

Gordon A. Fenton, D. V. Griffiths ... 480 pages - Publisher: Wiley; (September, 2008) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 0470178205 - ISBN-13: 978-0470178201

This text presents a thorough examination of the theories and methodologies available for risk assessment in geotechnical engineering, spanning the full range from established single-variable and "first order" methods to the most recent, advanced numerical developments. In response to the growing application of LRFD methodologies in geotechnical design, coupled with increased demand for risk assessments from clients ranging from regulatory agencies to insurance companies, authors Fenton and Griffiths have introduced an innovative reliability-based risk assessment method, the Random Finite Element Method (RFEM). The authors have spent more than fifteen years developing this statistically based method for modeling the real spatial variability of soils and rocks. As demonstrated in the book, RFEM performs better in real-world applications than traditional risk assessment tools that do not properly account for the spatial variability of geomaterials. This text is divided into two parts: Part One, Theory, explains the theory underlying risk assessment methods in geotechnical engineering. This part's seven chapters feature more than 100 worked examples, enabling you to develop a detailed understanding of the methods. Part Two, Practice, demonstrates how to use advanced probabilistic tools for several classical geotechnical engineering applications. Working with the RFEM, the authors show how to assess risk in problems familiar to all geotechnical engineers.

Brian C. Cronk ... 136 pages - Publisher: Routledge; 5th edition (January, 2008) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 1884585795 - ISBN-13: 978-1884585791 ...

Designed for use by novice computer users, this text begins with the basics, such as starting SPSS, defining variables, and entering and saving data. • All major statistical techniques covered in beginning statistics classes are included: descriptive statistics * graphing data * prediction and association * parametric inferential statistics * nonparametric inferential statistics * statistics for test construction. • Each section starts with a brief description of the statistic that is covered and important underlying assumptions, which help students select appropriate statistics. • Each section describes how to interpret results and express them in a research report after the data are analyzed. For example, students are shown how to phrase the results of a significant and an insignificant t test. • More than 200 screenshots (including sample output) throughout the book show students exactly what to expect as they follow along using SPSS. • A glossary of statistical terms is included, which makes a handy reference for students who need to review the meanings of basic statistical terms. • Practice exercises throughout the book give students stimulus material to use as they practice to achieve mastery of the program. • Thoroughly field-tested; your students are certain to appreciate this book.

Kok-Kwang Phoon ... 544 pages - Publisher: T&F Books UK; 1st edition (January, 2009) ... Language: English - ASIN: B001PC1ZVK by Amazon Digital Services ...

Reliability-based design is the only engineering methodology currently available which can ensure self-consistency in both physical and probabilistic terms.  It is also uniquely compatible with the theoretical basis underlying other disciplines such as structural design. It is especially relevant as geotechnical design becomes subject to increasing codification and to code harmonization across national boundaries and material types. Already some codes of practice describe the principles and requirements for safety, serviceability, and durability of structures in reliability terms. This book presents practical computational methods in concrete steps that can be followed by practitioners and students. It also provides geotechnical examples illustrating reliability analysis and design. It aims to encourage geotechnical engineers to apply reliability-based design in a realistic context that recognises the complex variabilities in geomaterials and model uncertainties arising from a profession steeped in empiricism.  By focusing on learning through computations and examples, this book serves as a valuable reference for engineers and a resource for students.

Gian Paol Giani ... 374 pages - Publisher: CRC Press; (January, 1992) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 9054101229 - ISBN-13: 978-9054101222 ...

Deals with the methods of assessing the stability of rock slopes and the techniques of improving the stability conditions of natural and artificial slopes which are at risk. It also describes survey and measurement methods to model the behaviour of rock masses.

Michael J. Casey, Girum S. Urgessa ...
48 pages - Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE); (November, 2012) ...
Language: English - ISBN-10: 0784412510 - ISBN-13: 978-0784412510 ...

Rebar Cage Construction and Safety: Best Practices presents guidelines for the safe handling of steel reinforcing-bar (rebar) cages throughout the design, fabrication, and erection process. The focus is on rebar cages used for large, cast-in-place concrete columns in a variety of settings, including bridge piers, elevated highway sections, and high-rise buildings. These cages are inherently unstable, usually held together by tie-wire alone. They are challenging to fabricate, to lift from the horizontal to the vertical position, and to support in the temporary condition until concrete is cast. Engineered temporary support systems, such as bracing or cable-guy systems, can mitigate the instability of standing rebar cages and resist lateral loads, ensuring better safety for the iron workers tasked with climbing the cages. Topics include: Overview of rebar cages; organizational management for rebar cages; construction engineering; checklists of best practices for construction; and summary, conclusions, and recommendations. This volume describes best practices for construction engineering and construction practice regarding rebar cages. It will be useful to construction engineers working with large columns for the first time as well as construction contractors looking to establish policies and procedures related to rebar column safety.

Peter Williams ... 616 pages - Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell; 1st edition (November, 2015) ...
Language: English - ISBN-10: 111856152X - ISBN-13: 978-1118561522 ...

Offers quantity surveyors, engineers, building surveyors and contractors clear guidance on how to recognise and avoid measurement risk. The book recognises the interrelationship of measurement with complex contractual issues; emphasises the role of measurement in the entirety of the contracting process; and helps to widen the accessibility of measurement beyond the province of the professional quantity surveyor.

For the busy practitioner, the book includes: Detailed coverage of NRM1 and NRM2, CESMM4, Manual of Contract Documents for Highway Works and POM(I)Comparison of NRM2 with SMM7 * Detailed analysis of changes from CESMM3 to CESMM4 * Coverage of the measurement implications of major main and sub-contract conditions (JCT, NEC3, Infrastructure Conditions and FIDIC) * Definitions of 5D BIM and exploration of BIM measurement protocols * Considerations of the measurement risk implications of both formal and informal tender documentation and common methods of procurement * An identification of pre- and post-contract measurement risk issues *Coverage of measurement risk in claims and final accounts *Detailed worked examples and explanations of computer-based measurement using a variety of industry-standard software packages.

D. V. Griffiths, G. A. Fenton ... 346 pages - Publisher: Springer; (June, 2010) ...
Language: English - ISBN-10: 3211733655 - ISBN-13: 978-3211733653 ...

Learn to use probabilistic techniques to solve problems in geotechnical engineering. The book reviews the statistical theories needed to develop the methodologies and interpret the results. Next, the authors explore probabilistic methods of analysis, such as the first order second moment method, the point estimate method, and random set theory. Examples and case histories guide you step by step in applying the techniques to particular problems.

Bilal M. Ayyub ... 1004 pages - Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE); (April, 2011) ...
Language: English - ISBN-10: 0784411700 - ISBN-13: 978-0784411704 ...

Proceedings of the International Conference on Vulnerability and Risk Analysis and Management (ICVRAM 2011) and the International Symposium on Uncertainty Modeling and Analysis (ISUMA 2011), held in Hyattsville, Maryland, April 11-13, 2011. Sponsored by the Council on Disaster Risk Management of ASCE. This collection contains 119 peer-reviewed papers that build upon recent significant advances in the modeling, analysis, and management of risk, vulnerability, and uncertainty. Yet, even as advancements are made in technology, new hazards appear. These papers demonstrate the transformation of intellectual discussions into robust frameworks for handling emerging vulnerabilities and risks and providing analytical bases to prepare for national and international disasters. These papers will be valuable to experts, decision-makers, and others involved in assessing, planning responses to, and managing vulnerability and risk.

Vijay P. Singh, Sharad Jain, Aditya Tyagi ... 800 pages - Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers; (October, 2007) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 0784408912 - ISBN-13: 978-0784408919 ...

When it comes to the planning, design, construction, and management of engineering systems, risk and uncertainty are unavoidable. The consideration of the risk involved in any situation, project, or plan becomes an integral part of the decision-making process. Risk and Reliability Analysis: A Handbook for Civil and Environmental Engineers presents key concepts of risk and reliability that apply to a wide array of problems in civil and environmental engineering. The authors begin with an overview of the art of making decisions in the presence of uncertainty and then explain the fundamentals of probability that will be applied throughout the book. In the second part of the book, the authors discuss various techniques used in probability distributions and parameter estimation. A third section of the book considers different aspects of uncertainty analysis, especially risk analysis and risk management, providing instructive examples. The final group of chapters addresses reliability analysis and design, focusing particularly on the important area of water distribution networks. Ample illustrations and detailed real-life examples make Risk and Reliability Analysis essential reading for present and future engineers in the fields of civil, environmental, biological, and agricultural engineering, as well as the watershed sciences.

Gregory Baecher, John Christian ... 
618 pages - Publisher: Wiley; 1st edition (November, 2003) ...
Language: English - ISBN-10: 0471498335 - ISBN-13: 978-0471498339 ...

Risk and reliability analysis is an area of growing importance in geotechnical engineering, where many variables have to be considered. Statistics, reliability modeling and engineering judgement are employed together to develop risk and decision analyses for civil engineering systems. The resulting engineering models are used to make probabilistic predictions, which are applied to geotechnical problems. Reliability & Statistics in Geotechnical Engineering comprehensively covers the subject of risk and reliability in both practical and research terms * Includes extensive use of case studies * Presents topics not covered elsewhere--spatial variability and stochastic properties of geological materials * No comparable texts available Practicing engineers will find this an essential resource as will graduates in geotechnical engineering programmes. Probabilistic reasoning, statistical methods, and measures of engineering judgment are combined to develop a quantified approach for analyzing and managing risks in civil engineering systems and the applied earth sciences. The resulting risk analysis approach described in this book reflects an emerging trend in geotechnical engineering, natural hazards mitigation, infrastructure protection, and other civil engineering fields to directly and quantitatively deal with uncertainty. "Reliability and Statistics in Geotechnical Engineering" offers a much needed state-of-the-art reference for risk analysis in geotechnical engineering and geology.

Integrating theory and practical applications, this book: Discusses the nature and philosophy of uncertainty in geological and geotechnical engineering. Addresses fundamentals and limits of probabilistic and statistical methods in the geological and geotechnical context. Develops statistical approaches to site characaterization decisions and for analyzing field and laboratory data. Explains traditional and emerging risk analysis methodologies and provides guidance for their use. Presents many applications of statistics, reliability, and risk techniques to practical problems. Emphasizing both theoretical underpinnings and practical applications, this comprehensive text constitutes an invaluable reference for practising geotechnical engineers, geologists, university students, and civil engineers in general practice.

Bilal M. Ayyub ... 640 pages - Publisher: Chapman and Hall/CRC; 2nd edition (March, 2014) ...
Language: English - ISBN-10: 1466518251 -ISBN-13: 978-1466518254 ...

Risk Analysis in Engineering and Economics is required reading for decision making under conditions of uncertainty. The author describes the fundamental concepts, techniques, and applications of the subject in a style tailored to meet the needs of students and practitioners of engineering, science, economics, and finance. Drawing on his extensive experience in uncertainty and risk modeling and analysis, the author covers everything from basic theory and key computational algorithms to data needs, sources, and collection. He emphasizes practical use of the methods presented and carefully examines the limitations, advantages, and disadvantages of each to help readers translate the discussed techniques into real-world solutions.

This Second Edition: Introduces the topic of risk finance + Incorporates homeland security applications throughout + Offers additional material on predictive risk management + Includes a wealth of new and updated end-of-chapter problems + Delivers a complementary mix of theoretical background and risk methods + Brings together engineering and economics on balanced terms to enable appropriate decision making + Presents performance segregation and aggregation within a risk framework + Contains contemporary case studies, such as protecting hurricane-prone regions and critical infrastructure + Provides 320+ tables and figures, over 110 diverse examples, numerous end-of-book references, and a bibliography. Unlike the classical books on reliability and risk management, Risk Analysis in Engineering and Economics, Second Edition relates underlying concepts to everyday applications, ensuring solid understanding and use of the methods of risk analysis.

Kok-Kwang Phoon, Jianye Ching ... 624 pages - Publisher: CRC Press (January, 2015) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 1482227215 - ISBN-13: 978-1482227215 ...

Establishes Geotechnical Reliability as Fundamentally Distinct from Structural Reliability: Reliability-based design is relatively well established in structural design. Its use is less mature in geotechnical design, but there is a steady progression towards reliability-based design as seen in the inclusion of a new Annex D on "Reliability of Geotechnical Structures" in the third edition of ISO 2394. Reliability-based design can be viewed as a simplified form of risk-based design where different consequences of failure are implicitly covered by the adoption of different target reliability indices. Explicit risk management methodologies are required for large geotechnical systems where soil and loading conditions are too varied to be conveniently slotted into a few reliability classes (typically three) and an associated simple discrete tier of target reliability indices. Provides Realistic Practical Guidance: Risk and Reliability in Geotechnical Engineering makes these reliability and risk methodologies more accessible to practitioners and researchers by presenting soil statistics which are necessary inputs, by explaining how calculations can be carried out using simple tools, and by presenting illustrative or actual examples showcasing the benefits and limitations of these methodologies.  With contributions from a broad international group of authors, this text: Presents probabilistic models suited for soil parameters + Provides easy-to-use Excel-based methods for reliability analysis  + Connects reliability analysis to design codes (including LRFD and Eurocode 7)  + Maximizes value of information using Bayesian updating  + Contains efficient reliability analysis methods. Accessible To a Wide Audience: Risk and Reliability in Geotechnical Engineering presents all the "need-to-know" information for a non-specialist to calculate and interpret the reliability index and risk of geotechnical structures in a realistic and robust way. It suits engineers, researchers, and students who are interested in the practical outcomes of reliability and risk analyses without going into the intricacies of the underlying mathematical theories.

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