Articles by "Groundwater"

Showing posts with label Groundwater. Show all posts

Ian Acworth ... 598 pages - AmazonSIN: B07QF48WRH ... Publisher: CRC Press; (April, 2019) - Language: English.

Investigating Groundwater provides an integrated approach to the challenges associated with locating groundwater. Uniquely, the book provides a review of the wide range of techniques that can be deployed to investigate this important resource. Many of the practical examples given are based upon Australian experience but the methods have worldwide applicability. The book is published in colour and includes many original diagrams and photographs. Particular effort has been made to provide consistent terminology and SI units are used throughout the text

Investigating Groundwater starts with an introduction to the historical significance of groundwater and gives an account of climate change. A description of the occurrence of groundwater in different rock types is then provided. A detailed account of surface water techniques is then followed by an account of the interconnections between surface water and groundwater. Four chapters describing groundwater hydraulics are then followed by four chapters describing the latest geophysical techniques. Once the best location of a borehole is determined using these techniques; chapters then describe appropriate drilling methods to use; provide a wide ranging review of geophysical logging, hydrochemical and isotopic techniques, before concluding with a detailed description of groundwater flow to a well. Written for a worldwide audience of degree level geology/engineering practitioners, academics and students involved in groundwater resource investigation methods; Investigating Groundwater is essential reading for those involved in groundwater research.

Alain Dassargues ... 492 pages - ISBN-10: 9781498744003 - ISBN-13: 978-1498744003 ... Publisher : CRC Press; (August, 2018) ... ASIN : 1498744001 - Language: : English.

This text combines the science and engineering of hydrogeology in an accessible, innovative style. As well as providing physical descriptions and characterisations of hydrogeological processes, it also sets out the corresponding mathematical equations for groundwater flow and solute/heat transport calculations. And, within this, the methodological and conceptual aspects for flow and contaminant transport modelling are discussed in detail. This comprehensive analysis forms the ideal textbook for graduate and undergraduate students interested in groundwater resources and engineering, and indeed its analyses can apply to researchers and professionals involved in the area.

Kuniaki Sato, Yoshiaki Iwasa ... 204 pages - Publisher: Springer; (June, 2011) ... Language: English - AmazonSIN: B000PY48N6.

The groundwater science and engineering has been closely connected with various fields (1) Groundwater Hydrology, (2) Groundwater Hydraulics or Geohydraulics, (3) Fluid Dynamics in Porous Media, (4) Groundwater Quality Engineering, (5) Soil Physics, and (6) Hydrogeology or Geohydrology. The purpose of the book is to present an update textbook of groundwater hydraulics, which includes all of basic items in above-mentioned fields, to students (of graduate school), researchers and practitioners. The students and beginners who intend to specialize in groundwater hydraulics through one semester will master contents of the book.

Jacob Bear ... 592 pages - Publisher: Dover Publications; (January, 2007) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 0486453553 - ISBN-13: 978-0486453552.

This text explores the laws and equations that govern the flow and storage of groundwater in aquifers. It provides groundwater hydrologists, as well as engineers and planners who deal with the development and management of groundwater resources, with all the necessary tools to forecast the behavior of a regional aquifer system. Following an introduction to the role and management of groundwater in water resource systems, the text examines groundwater balance and motion, mathematical statements of the groundwater forecasting problem, flow in the unsaturated zone, and groundwater quality problems. Additional topics include hydraulics of pumping and recharging wells, fresh and salt water interface in coastal aquifers, modeling of aquifer systems, identification of aquifer parameters, and the use of linear programming in aquifer management. Helpful appendixes and a set of problems corresponding to selected chapters conclude the text.

Mary P. Anderson, William W. Woessner, Randall J. Hunt ... 602 pages - Publisher: Academic Press; 2nd edition (August, 2015) ... Language: English - AmazonSIN: B012N83KLC.

This second edition is extensively revised throughout with expanded discussion of modeling fundamentals and coverage of advances in model calibration and uncertainty analysis that are revolutionizing the science of groundwater modeling. The text is intended for undergraduate and graduate level courses in applied groundwater modeling and as a comprehensive reference for environmental consultants and scientists/engineers in industry and governmental agencies.

Explains how to formulate a conceptual model of a groundwater system and translate it into a numerical model + Demonstrates how modeling concepts, including boundary conditions, are implemented in two groundwater flow codes-- MODFLOW (for finite differences) and FEFLOW (for finite elements) + Discusses particle tracking methods and codes for flowpath analysis and advective transport of contaminants + Summarizes parameter estimation and uncertainty analysis approaches using the code PEST to illustrate how concepts are implemented + Discusses modeling ethics and preparation of the modeling report + Includes Boxes that amplify and supplement topics covered in the text + Each chapter presents lists of common modeling errors and problem sets that illustrate concepts.

Milton E. Harr ... 336 pages - Publisher: Dover Publications; (November, 2011) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 0486668819 - ISBN-13: 978-0486668819 ...

The movement of groundwater is a basic part of soil mechanics. It is an important part of almost every area of civil engineering, agronomy, geology, irrigation, and reclamation. Moreover, the logical structure of its theory appeals to engineering scientists and applied mathematicians. This book aims primarily at providing the engineer with an organized and analytical approach to the solutions of seepage problems and an understanding of the design and analysis of earth structures that impound water. It can be used for advanced courses in civil, hydraulic, agricultural, and foundation engineering, and will prove useful to consulting engineers — or any public or private agency responsible for building or maintaining water storage or control systems. Among the special features of this book are its coverage of previously unavailable Russian work in the field, an extensive appendix of concepts in advanced engineering mathematics needed to deal with physical flow systems, and numerous completely worked-out and solved examples coupled with over 200 problems of varying difficulty.

Longtan Shao, Xiaoxia Guo, Shiyi Liu, Guofeng Zheng ... 160 pages - Publisher: CRC Press; 1st edition (December, 2017) ... Language: English - ASIN: B077YXW2QW by Amazon Digital Services ...

The concept of effective stress and the effective stress equation is fundamental for establishing the theory of strength and the relationship of stress and strain in soil mechanics and poromechanics. However, up till now, the physical meaning of effective stress has not been explained clearly, and the theoretical basis of the effective stress equation has not been proposed. Researchers have not yet reached a common understanding of the feasibility of the concept of effective stress and effective stress equation for unsaturated soils.

M. Karamouz, A. Ahmadi, M. Akhbari ... 676 pages - Publisher: CRC Press; 1st edition (March, 2011) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 1439837562 - ISBN-13: 978-1439837566 ... 

Increasing demand for water, higher standards of living, depletion of resources of acceptable quality, and excessive water pollution due to urban, agricultural, and industrial expansions have caused intense environmental, social, economic, and political predicaments. More frequent and severe floods and droughts have changed the ability and resiliency of water infrastructure systems to operate and provide services to the public. These concerns and issues have also changed the way we plan and manage our surface and groundwater resources. Groundwater Hydrology: Engineering, Planning, and Management presents a compilation of the state-of-the-art subjects and techniques in the education and practice of groundwater and describes them in a systematic and integrated fashion useful for undergraduate and graduate students and practitioners. The book develops a system view of groundwater fundamentals and model-making techniques through the application of science, engineering, planning, and management principles. It discusses the classical issues in groundwater hydrology and hydraulics followed by coverage of water quality issues. The authors delineate the process of analyzing data, identification, and parameter estimation; tools and model-building techniques and the conjunctive use of surface and groundwater techniques; aquifer restoration, remediation, and monitoring techniques; and analysis of risk. They touch on groundwater risk and disaster management and then explore the impact of climate change on groundwater and discuss the tools needed for analyzing future data realization and downscaling large-scale low-resolution data to local watershed and aquifer scales for impact studies. The combined coverage of engineering and planning tools and techniques as well as specific challenges for restoration and remediation of polluted aquifers sets this book apart. It also introduces basic tools and techniques for making decisions about and planning for future groundwater development activities, taking into account regional sustainability issues. An examination of the interface between groundwater challenges, the book demonstrates how to apply systems analysis techniques to groundwater engineering, planning, and management.

Orlando B. Andersland, B. Ladanyi ... 352 pages - Publisher: Springer; (November, 1994) ...
Language: English - ISBN-10: 0412982013 - ISBN-13: 978-0412982019 ...

Frozen Ground Engineering first introduces the reader to the frozen environment and the behavior of frozen soil as an engineering material. In subsequent chapters this information is used in the analysis and design of ground support systems, foundations, and embankments. These and other topics make this book suitable for use by civil engineering students in a one-semester course on frozen ground engineering at the senior or first-year-graduate level. Students are assumed to have a working knowledge of undergraduate mechanics (statics and mechanics of materials) and geotechnical engineering (usual two-course sequence). A knowledge of basic geology would be helpful but is not essential. This book will also be useful to advanced students in other disciplines and to engineers who desire an introduction to frozen ground engineering or references to selected technical publications in the field. BACKGROUND: Frozen ground engineering has developed rapidly in the past several decades under the pressure of necessity. As practical problems involving frozen soils broadened in scope, the inadequacy of earlier methods for coping became increasingly apparent. The application of ground freezing to geotechnical projects throughout the world continues to grow as significant advances have been made in ground freezing technology. Freezing is a useful and versatile technique for temporary earth support, groundwater control in difficult soil or rock strata, and the formation of subsurface containment barriers suitable for use in groundwater remediation projects.

Jeff Kuo ... 320 pages - Publisher: CRC Press; 2nd edition (June, 2014) ...
Language: English - ISBN-10: 1466585234 - ISBN-13: 978-1466585232 ...

Includes Illustrative Applications of Practical Design Calculations: Written in a straightforward style and user-friendly format, Practical Design Calculations for Groundwater and Soil Remediation, Second Edition highlights the essential concepts and important aspects of major design calculations used in soil and groundwater remediation. Drawing from the author’s teaching and consulting experience, this text provides practical information that addresses the current needs of practicing engineers, scientists, and legal experts in the field.

What’s New in This Edition:This latest edition covers important aspects of major design calculations as well as practical and relevant working information for groundwater and soil remediation. Realistic examples are used liberally to illustrate the applications of the design calculations. Many examples are designed to assist the readers in building the right concepts. The text begins with an introductory chapter; it then illustrates the engineering calculations needed during site assessment and remedial investigation. It continues with a discussion on plume migration in soil and groundwater. It then covers the mass-balance concept, reaction kinetics, and types, configurations, and sizing of reactors. The author incorporates important design calculations for commonly usedin situ and ex situ soil and groundwater remediation technologies, such as soil venting, air sparging, air stripping, bioremediation, and chemical oxidation, and off-gas treatment technologies. He also presents design calculations for capture zone and optimal well spacing. Practical Design Calculations for Groundwater and Soil Remediation, Second Edition Includes both SI and US customary units, as well as unit conversions * Presents examples that directly follow the design equations * Provides discussion that assists engineers in building proper concepts. also serves as a reference or textbook for students dedicated to the study of site remediation.

Marve Hyman, R. Ryan Dupont ...
534 pages - Publisher: Amer Society of Civil Engineers (July, 2001) ...
Language: English - ISBN-10: 0784404275 - ISBN-13: 978-0784404270 ...

"Groundwater and Soil Remediation: Process Design and Cost Estimating of Proven Technologies" describes conventional treatment technologies and explains how they are designed and what they cost. This practical book provides design details and examples of remediation techniques with an emphasis on the integration of remediation technologies into a process design scheme. Chemical engineering techniques are applied to civil and environmental engineering and hydrogeologic contamination problems, allowing engineers to select the best-suited remediation solution from competing alternatives. The steps in systematic process design and process control are described in detail for a variety of soil and groundwater remediation techniques, including metals removal from groundwater, groundwater remediation using carbon absorption, stripping of groundwater, aqueous chemical oxidation, bioremediation systems, soil venting, thermal treatment for soils and sludges, soil washing, and stabilization and solidification. Applications of traditional cost estimating methods as well as those developed especially for remediation systems, based on what is often limited subsurface information, are also presented. The book provides a logical pathway for determining the best feasible combinations of processes for complex remediation systems, explains how readers can learn to interpret or create piping and instrumentation diagrams (P&IDs), and gives a comprehensive exposition for cost estimating of treatment systems with both traditional methods and computer programs.

Mustafa M. Aral , Stewart W. Taylor ...
592 pages - Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE); (July, 2011) ...
Language: English - ISBN-10: 078441176X - ISBN-13: 978-0784411766 ...

Sponsored by the Groundwater Hydrology Technical Committee of the Groundwater Council of the Environmental and Water Resources Institute of ASCE. Groundwater Quantity and Quality Management presents the best of current thinking on managing groundwater resources, focusing on the interrelationship between quantity and quality. Groundwater is an essential resource, yet it is subject to overuse and contamination both in the United States and abroad. Effective management of groundwater is imperative to ensure continued access to clean, accessible, and plentiful water supplies. This volume presents state-of-the-art essays on modeling groundwater flow and solute transport for purposes of forecasting; developing groundwater resources with consideration of groundwater-surface water interaction and saltwater intrusion; and remediating groundwater resources by physical, chemical, and biological means. This report is of immediate relevance to environmental engineers, hydrogeologists, water resources managers and regulators, and municipal officials responsible for maintaining water supplies through the management of groundwater.

Pat M. Cashman, Martin Preene ... 674 pages - Publisher: CRC Press; 2nd edition (August, 2012) ... Language: English - ASIN: B00BEKF20I by Amazon Digital Services ...

Linking theory and application in a way that is clear and understandable, Groundwater Lowering in Construction: A Practical Guide to Dewatering, Second Edition uses the authors’ extensive engineering experience to offer practical guidance on the planning, design, and implementation of groundwater control systems under real conditions. Discover engineering methods that can help you improve working conditions, increase project viability, and reduce excavation costs. In the decade since publication of this book’s first edition, groundwater lowering and dewatering activities have been increasingly integrated into the wider ground engineering schemes on major excavations to help provide stable and workable conditions for construction below groundwater level. Consequently, many engineering ventures now require a more in-depth assessment of potential environmental impacts of dewatering and groundwater control, and this book details the latest best practices to evaluate and address them. Includes New Chapters Covering: Cutoff methods used for groundwater exclusion * Issues associated with permanent or long-term groundwater control systems * Groundwater control technologies used on contaminated sites * Methods needed to understand, predict, and mitigate potential environmental impacts of groundwater control works. Updated to reflect the crucial technological and application advances shaping construction processes, this book contains valuable direction that can give you a true competitive advantage in the planning and execution of temporary and permanent dewatering works. The authors cover cutting-edge methods and key subjects, such as the history of dewatering, working on contaminated sites, site investigation techniques, and operation and maintenance issues, including health, safety, and legal aspects. Written for practising engineers and geologists as well as postgraduate engineering students, this updated manual on design and practice provides numerous case histories and extensive references to enhance understanding.

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