Articles by "Dams"

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Showing posts with label Dams. Show all posts

Robin Fell, Patrick MacGregor, David Stapledon, Graeme Bell, Mark Foster ... 1382 pages - Publisher: CRC Press; 2nd edition (December, 2014) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 1138000086 - ISBN-13: 978-1138000087

This book provides a comprehensive text on the geotechnical and geological aspects of the investigations for and the design and construction of new dams and the review and assessment of existing dams. The emphasis is on embankment dams, but much of the text, particularly those parts related to geology, can be used for concrete gravity and arch dams. The book aims to provide practising dam engineers and geologists with a practical approach, as well as to give university students an insight into the subject of dam engineering. The theoretical basis upon which design methods have been developed is included so readers develop a proper understanding of the limitations of the methods. All phases of investigation, design and construction are covered, from the initial assessment of a damsite and the development and carrying out of a detailed site investigation program, through to the preliminary and detailed design phases and ultimately the construction phase. The assessment of existing dams, including the analysis of risks posed by those dams, is also discussed. This wholly revised and significantly expanded 2nd edition includes a lengthy new chapter on the assessment of the likelihood of failure of dams by internal erosion and piping.

Ljubomir Tanchev ... 1116 pages - Publisher: CRC Press; 2nd edition (March, 2014) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 113800006X - ISBN-13: 978-1138000063 ...

Dams and Appurtenant Hydraulic Structures, now in its second edition, provides a comprehensive and complete overview of all kinds of dams and appurtenant hydraulic structures throughout the world. The reader is guided through different aspects of dams and appurtenant hydraulic structures in 35 chapters, which are subdivided in five themes: I. Dams and appurtenant hydraulic structures – General; II. Embankment dams; III. Concrete dams; IV. Hydromechanical equipment and appurtenant hydraulic structures; V. Hydraulic schemes. Subjects treated are general questions, design, construction, surveillance, maintenance and reconstruction of various embankment and concrete dams, hydromechanical equipment, spillway structures, bottom outlets, special hydraulic structures, composition of structures in river hydraulic schemes, reservoirs, environmental effects of river hydraulic schemes and reservoirs and environmental protection. Special attention is paid to advanced methods of static and dynamic analysis of embankment dams. The wealth of experience gained by the author over the course of 35 years of research and practice is incorporated in this richly-illustrated, fully revised, updated and expanded edition. For the original Macedonian edition of Dams and Appurtenant Hydraulic Structures, Ljubomir Tanchev was awarded the Goce Delchev Prize, the highest state prize for achievements in science in the Republic of Macedonia. This work is intended for senior students, researchers and professionals in civil, hydraulic and environmental engineering and dam construction and exploitation.

Thursday, August 24, 2017 , , , ,
Ronald E. Heffron ... 304 pages - Publisher: Amer Society of Civil Engineers; (June, 2015) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 0784413576 - ISBN-13: 978-0784413579 ...

Supplies engineers with guidelines and tools for inspecting and evaluating the condition of waterfront structures located in seawater and freshwater environments. Inspections are essential to an effective waterfront facility management program that ensures public safety, reliable service, environmental protection, and reduced maintenance costs. beacause distress to a waterfront structure may not be recognisable from above eater, the inspection must include an assessment of the extent and severity of deterioration from above and ubderwater. This Manual of Practice provides guidance on eight different types of inspection and explains how to match inspection types to project needs. It considers existing waterfront facilities that are constructed of concrete, masonry, metals, composites and wood; facility locations may be near-shore, waterfront, reiverine, or inland. Guidelines are not limited to structure alone, but rather include comprehensive coverage of all aspects of the facility, including fender systems, mechanical and electrical utilities, appurtenant structures, and anchor systems. An extensive appendix addresses special considerations for a variety of specific structure types and systems, such as fixed utilities, equipment, mooring hardware, topside paving and drainage, and safety features.

Stephane Bonelli ... 416 pages - Publisher: Wiley-ISTE; 1st edition (March, 2013) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 184821409X - ISBN-13: 978-1848214095 ...

Erosion is the most common cause of failures at earth-dams, dikes and levees, whether through overtopping and overflowing, or internal erosion and piping. This book is dedicated to the phenomenon of internal erosion and piping. It is not intended to be exhaustive on the subject, but brings together some of the latest international research and advances. Emphasis is placed on physical processes, how they can be studied in the laboratory, and how test results can be applied to levees and dams. The results from several research projects in Australia, France, the Netherlands and the United States are covered by the authors. Our aim has been to share our most recent findings with students, researchers and practitioners. Understanding the failure of an earth-dam or a levee by erosion in a unified framework, whether internal erosion or surface erosion, requires continuous research in this field. We hope that the reader will gain knowledge from this book that leads to further progress in the challenging field of the safety of levees and dams.

Donald A. Bruce ... 447 pages -Publisher: CRC Press; 1st edition (October, 2012) ...
Language: English - ISBN-10: 0415781949 - ISBN-13: 978-0415781947 ... 

Dam and levee remediation has become more prevalent since the start of the twenty-first century. Given the vastness and complexity of the infrastructures involved, keeping up with maintenance needs is very difficult. Major surges in repair are usually triggered by nature’s wake-up calls, such as hurricanes, floods, and earthquakes. The challenge has been to develop methods that ensure safe, effective, reliable, and robust solutions for current and future remediation issues. Specialty Construction Techniques for Dam and Levee Remediation presents the state of practice in North American dam and levee remediation as it relates to the use of specialty geotechnical construction techniques, such as anchors, grouting, cutoff (diaphragm) walls, and deep mixing.

The book focuses on the actual construction processes, describing design and performance aspects of remediation where appropriate. Chapters deal with the application of drilling and grouting methods, methods to install mix-in-place (category 2) cutoff structures, excavated and backfilled trenches (category 1), composite cutoff walls, and stabilization using prestressed rock anchors. The book also provides a comprehensive guide to dam and levee instrumentation, covering planning, operating principles, data management, staffing, and automation. As an educational and salutary example of ineffective efforts, the final chapter presents a case history of a series of remediations performed on a single project, which ultimately proved unsuccessful. A wide range of methods has been developed in response to the challenges that arise in the dam and levee remediation arena and the need for a competitive edge. These new methods are designed and monitored using state-of-the-art techniques, giving rise to the emergence of new intensity and initiative in this field. This book captures this transformation by examining the theory and practice of contemporary remedial techniques, using recent U.S. case histories to provide knowledge and inspiration to readers, both in North America and around the world.

Luis Berga, J.M. Buil, E. Bofill, J.C. De Cea ... 
1412 pages - Publisher: CRC Press; (May 25, 2006) ...
Language: English - ASIN: B00UVA6CVU by Amazon Digital Services ...

Water resources stored by dams and reservoirs play an essential role in water resource management, hydropower and flood control. Where there is an extensive network of dam infrastructures, dams have made a major contribution to economic and social development, providing considerable storage capacity per capita. However, dams and reservoirs may also have an important social and environmental impact, and should be studied within the framework of integrated water resource management and sustainable development. Dams and Reservoirs, Societies and Environment in the 21st Century presents the latest research on the role played by dams and reservoirs in 21st century societies, in developed, emergent and developing countries. It analyses the viability of dams and suggests alternative solutions from a holistic perspective, considering the technical, economic, social and environmental aspects. Other issues covered include the social acceptability of dams, public involvement and dam awareness. The book covers subjects ranging from dam engineering, through the benefits and drawbacks of dams, to their social and environmental impact, and contains numerous case studies of the constructive contributions that reservoirs have made to water development and management. The book is a valuable resource for professional and dam engineers, water managers, governmental organizations and commercial enterprises responsible for dam.

Wednesday, January 11, 2017 , ,
Limin Zhang, Ming Peng, Dongshegn Chang, Yao Xu ... 
450 pages - Publisher: Wiley; 1st edition (August, 2016)
Language: English - ISBN-10: 1118558510 - ISBN-13: 978-1118558515 ...

This book integrates the physical processes of dam breaching and the mathematical aspects of risk assessment in a concise manner:  • The first book that introduces the causes, processes and consequences of dam failures • Integrates the physical processes of dam breaching and the mathematical aspects of risk assessment in a concise manner • Emphasizes integrating theory and practice to better demonstrate the application of risk assessment and decision methodologies to real cases • Intends to formulate dam-breaching emergency management steps in a scientific structure.

Ken Weaver, Donald Bruce ... 
504 pages - Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE); (February, 2007) ...
Language: English - ISBN-10: 0784407649 - ISBN-13: 978-0784407646 ...

Dam Foundation Grouting: Revised and Expanded Edition provides a state-of-the-practice review of all aspects of drilling and grouting-based technologies used for dam foundation treatment. Like its first edition, this book provides readers with background information and guidance to help them understand and deal more confidently with issues related to the design, construction, supervision, analysis, and review of grouting programs. This new edition of Dam Foundation Grouting has been revised to reflect contemporary grouting practice and has been substantially enlarged to include coverage of geologic considerations and to address remedial grouting issues. In addition to providing extensive information on grouting technology, equipment, and procedures, it also provides guidance of specifications and contracts. Dam engineers, dam construction engineers, grouting supervisors and inspectors, field personnel of dam safety reviewing agencies, and engineering students will all benefit from this book.

Athanasios N. Papanicolaou, Brian D. Barkdoll ... 
192 pages - Publisher: ASCE; 1st edition (March 15, 2011) ...
Language: English - ISBN-10: 0784411360 - ISBN-13: 978-0784411360 ...

With the growing concern over adverse environmental impacts of dams on ecosystems and fish populations, the number of dam removals is rapidly increasing. Dams alter ecology, block fish passage, increase downstream scour, and displace residents, and dam removal is now a common solution. Concerns have arisen regarding the behavior of stored sediment and overall stream geomorphology when the dam is removed. Because large amounts of sediment have collected behind many dams, the issue of what will happen to the impounded sediment if the dam is removed is of critical importance. This monograph provides guidance and documentation of numerical and physical modeling and field experience regarding dam removal and its modeling. It will be a valuable aid to watershed and river agencies and their consultants, as well as to researchers.

Saturday, July 16, 2016 , ,
Andrew Pepper, British Dam Society ... 560 pages - Publisher: ICE Publishing; (August 22, 2014)
Language: English - ISBN-10: 0727760343 - ISBN-13: 978-0727760340

Maintaining the Safety of our Dams and Reservoirs covers a wide range of topics which are of direct relevance to all who work with dams and reservoirs, whether in the UK or abroad, be they owners, maintainers, designers or constructors. The changes to the UK s legislative frameworks for dam safety are covered, as are examples of the many environmental factors to be taken into account, not just for the construction of new dams but also for alterations and repairs. Several papers provide examples of the planning or construction of new dams, while many deal with upgrades and repairs to existing dams, some as the results of unforeseen incidents.

Tuesday, June 07, 2016 , , ,
Chen Houqun, Wu Shengxin,  Faning Dang ... 614 pages - Publisher: Academic Press; 1st edition (November, 2015) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 0128036281 - ISBN-13: 978-0128036280 ...

Written for civil, structural and geotechnical engineers, this book presents the latest research and practical experience in the design of high-arch dams in seismically active regions, from an author team that is highly active and experienced in the design, development and construction of 300m high arch dams. The book covers the entire subject of dam design for seismic regions, including seismic input mechanisms and modeling, non-linear analysis techniques for dam structure and foundations, concrete material properties, and simulation techniques for dam design. Of particular value are the real-world experimental data and design case studies that enhance the book and ensure that readers can apply the theoretical content to their own projects. Break through the conventional concepts in civil engineering discipline and focus on applying new techniques from other subject fields to seismic safety on high-arch dam design in an innovative way. + Shows how to model and evaluate seismic safety of dams using seismic input, dam response and dynamic resistance. + Summarizes the methodology and approaches applied to high-arch dam design and construction in China, demonstrates the selection of site-specific seismic input parameters, and enables the reader to apply this to their own specific design challenge.

Sunday, April 17, 2016 , , ,
R. B. Jansen ... 811 pages - Publisher: Springer; 1988 edition (October, 2011) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 1461282055 - ISBN-13: 978-1461282051 ...

The present state of the art of dam engineering has been ronmental, and political factors, which, though important, attained by a continuous search for new ideas and methods are covered in other publications. while incorporating the lessons of the past. In the last 20 The rapid progress in recent times has resulted from the years particularly there have been major innovations, due combined efforts of engineers and associated scientists, as largely to a concerted effort to blend the best of theory and exemplified by the authorities who have contributed to this practice. Accompanying these achievements, there has been book. These individuals have brought extensive knowledge a significant trend toward free interchange among the pro­ to the task, drawn from experience throughout the world. fessional disciplines, including open discussion of prob­ With the convergence of such distinguished talent, the op­ lems and their solutions. The inseparable relationships of portunity for accomplishment was substantial. I gratefully hydrology, geology, and seismology to engineering have acknowledge the generous cooperation of these writers, and been increasingly recognized in this field, where progress am indebted also to other persons and organizations that is founded on interdisciplinary cooperation. have allowed reference to their publications; and I have This book presents advances in dam engineering that attempted to acknowledge this obligation in the sections have been achieved in recent years or are under way. At­ where the material is used. These courtesies are deeply ap­ tention is given to practical aspects of design, construction, preciated.

Monday, November 30, 2015 , ,
B. K. Rastogi, H. K. Gupta ... 246 pages - Publisher: Elsevier Science; (January 1, 1975)
Language: English - ISBN-10: 0444566821 - ISBN-13: 978-0444566829

Dams and Earthquakes deals with the association of earthquakes and large artificial lakes, particularly on the part that pore pressure plays in inducing earthquakes. The book also contains methods for recording seismic activity, before, during, and after the filling of reservoir dams through the installation of a network of portable seismographs. The text assesses the parameters and macroseismic effects of the Koyna earthquake in India in December 1967, as well as the instrumental and macroseismic data showing that the Koyna earthquake is a multiple seismic event. The book investigates the geology, hydrology, and seismicity of seismic reservoir sites, including three cases of induced seismicity after fluid injections in deep wells. A possible correlation between the reservoir level or volume of the injected fluid and the tremor frequency exists. The characteristic seismic features of reservoir associated earthquakes can reflect changes in the mechanical properties of rock masses near the reservoirs. The book also investigates the part played by increased pore-fluid pressures in triggering the earthquakes at Denver, Rangely, Kariba, Kremasta and Koyna. The UNESCO Working Group on "Seismic Phenomena Associated with Large Reservoirs" recommends the adoption of a two-phase planning in instrumental studies and surveys at sites to be used for large reservoirs. The book can be beneficial for meteorologists, environmentalists, geologists, civil engineers, structural engineers, or for officers of river and lake authorities.

Chong Zhang, Geng Jin, Jinting Wang, Yanjie Xu ... 712 pages - Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann; 1st edition (September, 2013) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 0124080839 - ISBN-13: 978-0471206477 ...

The consequences of a large dam failing can be disastrous. However, predicting the performance of concrete dams during earthquakes is one of the most complex and challenging problems in structural dynamics. Based on a nonlinear approach, Seismic Safety Evaluation of Concrete Dams allows engineers to build models that account for nonlinear phenomena such as vertical joint slippage, cracks, and cavitation. This yields more accurate estimates. Advanced but readable, this book is the culmination of the work carried out by Tsinghua University Research Group on Earthquake Resistance on Dams over the last two decades. Nonlinearity characteristics of high concrete dams, seismic analysis methods, evaluation models + A systematic approach to nonlinear analysis and seismic safety evaluation of concrete dams + Includes nonlinear fracture of dam-water-foundation interaction system, dynamic fluid-structure and + Covers soil-structure interactions, and meso-scale mechanical behavior of concrete are all international front issues of the field.

    Wednesday, September 30, 2015 , ,
    Sahnaz Tigrek , Tuce Aras ...
    226 pages
    Publisher: CRC Press; 1st edition (September 15, 2011)
    Language: English
    ISBN-10: 0415603390
    ISBN-13: 978-0415603393

    Siltation in reservoirs has become an important problem when dams are getting older and stop functioning when the sediment has accumulated to a certain extent. With proper sediment management techniques, negative effects of sediment can be avoided and reservoir life and performance can be improved.

    This volume deals with reservoir sedimentation, deposition and removal. It provides the principles of sediment transport and gives guidelines to predict reservoir life. It presents several removal techniques, accompanied with detailed operation descriptions. With the help of the RESCON open source software, cost analysis tools to determine the optimum method for maintenance and operation of a reservoir can be applied. To illustrate practice and to assist the reader in setting up a sediment management operation, a number of case studies of existing large dams are included.

    Written by two experts on reservoir operation, this volume is intended for professionals and advanced students working on dam and reservoir design, construction, operation, maintenance and rehabilitation.

    U. S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) ... 
    92 pages
    Publisher: University Press of the Pacific; (October 9, 2004)
    Language: English
    ISBN-10: 1410217124
    ISBN-13: 978-1410217127

    This manual presents fundamental principles underlying the design and construction of earth and rock-fill dams. The general principles presented herein are also applicable to the design and construction of earth levees.

    Monday, September 21, 2015 , ,
    Barry Lewis ... 
    210 pages
    Publisher: CRC Press; (November 29, 2013)
    Language: English
    ISBN-10: 0415621119
    ISBN-13: 978-0415621113

    Small Dams: Planning, Construction and Maintenance has been written to provide a practical approach and guide to determining catchment yield and the amount of water required in a dam, advising on selecting and working with engineers and contractors, as well as outlining the cause of dam failures and how to remedy problems quickly. It also covers relevant legislation, environmental and ecological issues.

    Employing the principles in this book, in conjunction with heeding the advice of suitably experienced and qualifi ed engineers and contractors, will reduce the risk of failure and help to ensure the long term success of any small dam in question. Small Dams will be an invaluable resource for anyone who owns a dam, and a useful reference for agencies, contractors and engineers.

    The author, Barry Lewis, has over forty years of experience as an engineer and has written extensively on farm dams, soil conservation, catchment management and the environmental impact of dams both on and off streams. He was also directly involved in the licensing and regulating of small dams in Australia.

    Thursday, September 17, 2015 , ,
    Gregory L. Morris, Jiahua Fan ... 848 pages - Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional; 1st edition (May 1, 1997)
    Language: English - ISBN-10: 007043302X - ISBN-13: 978-0070433021

    All the state-of-the-art tools you need to extend water reservoir life by controlling sediment are packed into this hands-on resource. It helps you plan, design and manage both existing and proposed reservoirs and their associates watersheds. You'll learn to manage sediment for sustainable development. . .analyze suspended and deposited sediment. . .and estimate and measure erosion rates.

    Packed with clear illustrations and how-to examples, the book give you the know-how to: Master sediment transport processes in reservoirs + Apply mathematical and physical models to analyze sediment processes + Route inflowing sediment through or around reservoir storage pools + Use turbid density currents to control sedimentation + Empty and scour sediments from a reservoir by means of hydraulic flushing + And much more ...

    Friedrich-Karl Ewert, R. Phillips ... 
    428 pages
    Publisher: Springer; Reprint of the original 1st (1985) edition (June 27, 2012)
    Language: English
    ISBN-10: 3642510132
    ISBN-13: 978-3642510137

    Fifteen years have passed since I was working at a dam site super­ vising grouting work. That was not the first time that I had to car­ ry out engineering geological investigations for several similar projects, which always included testing programmes to find out the permeability of the rock, and often I was in charge of grouting work. It thus attracted my attention when this particular grouting programme did not run as intended: most of the grout holes took only very little grout! It could not be the aim of the invested work simply to drill holes and fill them again without bringing about any further improvement. Fortunately, I had the chance to be en­ gaged in many other grouting programmes in the following years and used all these examples to analyse as thoroughly as possible the permeability of the rocks being treated in view of their grout­ ability. The more I studied, the stronger my conviction grew that our rules which had decided the grouting of rock for many de­ cades should be developed further, and therefore I occupied my­ self with contributing some ideas for a new basis to investigation and judgment of permeability of rock and for a more adequate application of this technology.

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