Articles by "Pavements"

Showing posts with label Pavements. Show all posts

Bethany Eisenberg, P.E. Kelly Collins Lindow, David R. Smith ... 
262 pages - Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers; (March, 2015) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 0784413789 - ISBN-13: 978-0784413784 ...

Sponsored by the Low Impact Development Committee of the Urban Water Resources Research Council of the Environmental and Water Resources Institute of ASCE Permeable Pavements is a comprehensive resource for the proper design, construction, and maintenance of permeable pavement systems that provide a transportation surface and a best management practice for stormwater and urban runoff. A cornerstone for low impact development (LID) and sustainable site design, permeable pavements are considered a green infrastructure practice. They offer many environmental benefits, from reduced stormwater runoff and improved water quality to better site design and enhanced safety of paved surfaces. Commonly used for walkways, driveways, patios, and low-volume roadways as well as recreational areas, parking lots, and plazas, permeable pavements are appropriate for many different land uses, particularly in highly urbanized locations. This volume synthesizes todayâs knowledge of the technology, drawing from academia, industry, and the engineering and science communities. It presents an overview of typical permeable pavement systems and reviews the design considerations. Detailed design, construction, use, and performance information is provided for porous asphalt, pervious concrete, permeable interlocking concrete pavement, and grid pavements. Fact sheets and checklists help to successfully incorporate permeable pavement systems into design projects. Additional chapters summarize emerging technologies, maintenance considerations, hydrologic design approaches, key components for specification writing, and key areas for additional research. Appendixes include a fact sheet clarifying information on common concerns, as well as data tables summarizing water quality treatment performance and costs. Permeable Pavements is an essential reference for engineers, planners, landscape architects, municipalities, transportation agencies, regulatory agencies, and property owners planning to implement this best management practice for stormwater and urban runoff.  Review: Permeable Pavements presents a comprehensive, 260-page resource on design, construction and maintenance of permeable pavement systems [and] synthesizes diverse materials and practices using this technology with the help of academics, industry, civil and environmental engineers and scientists. The result is a book that can be used on almost every project. The book presents an overview of design considerations common to all permeable pavement systems in the first chapter. Detailed design, construction, use, and performance information follow in separate chapters on porous asphalt, pervious concrete, permeable interlocking concrete pavement, grid pavements and some recent proprietary products. The books extensive use of fact sheets and checklists can be instrumental in design, construction and maintenance by stormwater agencies, designers, contractors and project owners.

Baoshan Huang, Benjamin F. Bowers ... 
183 pages - Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers; (March, 2013) ...
Language: English - ISBN-10: 0784412812 - ISBN-13: 978-0784412817 ...

Selected papers from the First International Symposium on Pavement and Geotechnical Engineering for Transportation Infrastructure held in Nanchang, China, June 5-7, 2011. Sponsored by the Nanchang Hangkong University and the International Association of Chinese Infrastructure Professionals (IACIP) in cooperation with the Geo-Institute of ASCE. Pavement and Geotechnical Engineering for Transportation contains 20 papers that represent the latest developments in the application of soil, rock, and paving materials to the study and application of geomechanics and transportation geotechnology. Topics include pavement structure and subgrade preparation such as: the use of chemical additives and geogrid reinforcement; performance assessment of concrete and asphalt mixtures; mathematical models for the simulation of geotechnical problems; and evaluation of soil types in relation to slope failure, consolidation, and embankment behavior. This Geotechnical Practice Publication focuses on the application of geomechanics in transportation and will be of interest to both geotechnical engineers and transportation professionals.

Wynand JvdM Steyn, Kim Jenkins, Mansour Solaimanian ... 
204 pages - Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers; (July, 2009) ...
Language: English - ISBN-10: 0784410437 - ISBN-13: 978-0784410431 ...

This "Geotechnical Special Publication" contains 26 papers that were presented at the GeoHunan International Conference, Challenges and Recent Advances in Pavement Technologies and Transportation Geotechnics, held in Changsha, Hunan, China, from August 3 to 6, 2009. The material in these peer-reviewed papers is gracefully balanced between theoretical analyses and practical applications. These papers cover advances in roadway and pavement maintenance and management. The five major topics analyzed in this volume include: advances in laboratory characterization of pavement materials, forensic studies, rehabilitation strategy selection and preventative maintenance treatments, roadway widening, stabilization, recycling, foamed bitumen and emulsion, and granular materials. This publication will be valuable to pavement engineers, researchers, and practitioners in providing improved road pavement infrastructure. Geotechnical professors and students, design engineers, contractors, and others involved in geotechnical engineering will also benefit.

Norbert J. Delatte ... 445 pages - Publisher: CRC Press; 2nd edition (May, 2014) ... 
Language: English - ISBN-10: 1466575107 - ISBN-13: 978-1466575103 ...

This second edition of Concrete Pavement Design, Construction, and Performance provides a solid foundation for pavement engineers seeking relevant and applicable design and construction instruction. It relies on general principles instead of specific ones, and incorporates illustrative case studies and prime design examples to highlight the material. It presents a thorough understanding of materials selection, mixture proportioning, design and detailing, drainage, construction techniques, and pavement performance. It also offers insight into the theoretical framework underlying commonly used design procedures as well as the limits of the applicability of the procedures. All chapters have been updated to reflect recent developments, including some alternative and emerging design technologies that improve sustainability.

What’s New in the Second Edition: The second edition of this book contains a new chapter on sustainability, and coverage of mechanistic-empirical design and pervious concrete pavements. RCC pavements are now given a new chapter. The text also expands the industrial pavement design chapter.

Outlines alternatives for concrete pavement solutions + Identifies desired performance and behavior parameters + Establishes appropriate materials and desired concrete proportions + Presents steps for translating the design into a durable facility.

The book highlights significant innovations such as one is two-lift concrete pavements, precast concrete pavement systems, RCC pavement, interlocking concrete pavers, thin concrete pavement design, and pervious concrete. This text also addresses pavement management, maintenance, rehabilitation, and overlays.

Clifford Richardson ... 672 pages - Publisher: University of Michigan Library; (April, 2009) ...
Language: English - ASIN: B002IYF0IS by Amazon Digital Services ...

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work.

This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

ASCE ... 178 pages - Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE); (September, 2008) ...
Language: English - ISBN-10: 0784409862 - ISBN-13: 978-0784409862 ...

This Geotechnical Special Publication contains 16 papers concerning a variety of timely issues in pavement mechanics. Topics include the characterization, modeling, and simulation of asphalt mixtures, asphalt pavements, and concrete mixtures. Eight of these papers were submitted for publication only, while the other eight were presented at the Symposium on Pavement Mechanics and Materials at the 18th ASCE Engineering Mechanics Division Conference held June 3 6, 2008 in Blacksburg, Virginia.

Robert N. Hunter ... 808 pages - Publisher: ICE Publishing; 6th edition (December, 2014) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 0727758373 - ISBN-13: 978-0727758378 ...

The Shell Bitumen Handbook has been regarded for many years as the authoritative source of information on bitumens used in road pavements. This new edition seeks to enhance that reputation. For over a hundred years Shell has been at the forefront of bitumen technology and continues to lead in research and development. The Shell Bitumen Handbook reflects this leading role. Compiled by authors from Shell offices around the world, The Shell Bitumen Handbook provides global best practice for civil engineers in pavement construction and maintenance to apply to projects of their own, as well as comprehensive theory for students and researchers. New to this edition, chapters covering: warm asphalt mixtures; sulphur extended asphalt; sustainable road pavements. Even in our internet age, there are some essential hard copy references that have a place on the diminishing bookshelves of most practising engineers and materials scientists. The distinctively yellow-bound Shell Bitumen Handbook, first published in 1949 and now issued in its sixth edition, is certainly one such valued book. It replaces the fifth edition of 2003 and is completely reorganised, thoroughly updated and expanded by around 50%. Three principal authors, led by civil engineer and expert asphalt consultant, Dr Robert Hunter, are supported by a panel of specialist authors, many of whom are with Shell Bitumen. Those familiar with the fifth edition will find the chapters rearranged somewhat, with a net increase in chapters from 20 to 24 and a doubling of appendices from 4 to 8. The new chapter sequence approximately follows the life of bitumen, from its origins and manufacture, through its properties and use in asphalts, then design, installation and performance of asphalt pavements, to durability and other applications for bitumen and asphalt. Two of the new appendices indicate an objective to make the handbook more international: Appendices 5 and 6, respectively, list bitumen and asphalt product standards across the world. In the former, different principles are used in various regions, with performance graded (PG) specification being used in North America and partly in China, whereas empirical testing is used elsewhere, such as penetration/softening in Europe, Africa and much of Asia, and viscosity in Australasia, the Indian subcontinent, Mexico and parts of South America (and for soft grades in Europe); unfortunately, there is some minor inconsistency between the text and the map in Appendix 5. A surprising omission from the previous edition was guidance on the design of asphalt mixtures. This gap is well and thoroughly addressed in the new edition, with a completely new, 50-page Chapter 12. In common with all the chapters in this book, Chapter 12 is clearly written and beautifully presented, being both easy and a pleasure to read, supported by full-colour diagrams of impressive clarity; there are no photographs in this particular chapter, but elsewhere there are plenty of good-quality images, as appropriate. This new chapter provides a grounding in the principles that underpin asphalt mix design, notably mixture volumetrics and aggregate grading , then explains the four most widely implemented design methods, all of which were developed in the USA: Hubbard Field , Hveem (or California ), Marshall (or Corps of Engineers , perhaps the best known) and Superpave (the most recent, resulting from a research programme initiated in response to increasing premature pavement failures). As well as reorganisation and the new chapter on asphalt mix design, existing users will be pleased to know that this new edition sets out to update the whole opus, and two splendid examples are the completely new Chapter 7 on rheology of bitumens and the extended Chapter 8 (formerly Chapter 5) on polymer-modified bitumens and other modified binders. The former is a most valuable 30-page addition on a critical property, especially with the growth in the use of polymer-modified bitumens, authored jointly by specialists from Shell (Dr Richard Taylor) and the University of Nottingham (Professor Gordon Airey). A potentially complex account of the science of rheology is handled with skill and clarity, then the rheological behaviour of bitumen is considered first in terms of a low-temperature linear elastic region , then a high-temperature viscous region and finally an intermediate temperature visco-elastic region.

Howard Robinson ... 128 pages - Publisher: Smithers Rapra Press; (April 22, 2008)
Language: English - ISBN-10: 1859575072 - ISBN-13: 978-1859575079

Modifiers have been used to improve the performance of asphalt/aggregate mixtures for building roads for over the past hundred years and during that time the industry has evolved into a sophisticated sector that is heavily regulated by national and European standards.

The modifiers used take many different forms: polymers, latex, and many chemical additives. Determining how modifiers actually affect the performance of a mixture and establishing construction quality control procedures for these modifiers can be extremely difficult. In the past these difficulties have caused many specifying agencies to avoid the use of mixture modifiers when they could be of benefit to the performance of the road.

This review explores the type of polymers used in asphalt, why they are used, where they are used in terms of applications and the benefits they offer to industry and the road user. In particular, the reader will understand how polymers can be used to enhance the functionality of asphalt, that is to overcome deterioration mechanisms by enhancing asphalt stiffness or flexibility, or by making it more resistant to deformation (rutting) caused by traffic.

This review of polymers in asphalt is supported by an indexed section containing several hundred key references and abstracts selected from the Polymer Library. It is aimed at anyone who has an interest in polymers and their highway applications.

Oliver C. Mullins, Eric Y. Sheu ... 
438 pages - Publisher: Springer; 1998 edition (December 31, 2013)
Language: English - ISBN-10: 1489916172 - ISBN-13: 978-1489916174

The investigative assault upon the enigmatic asphaltenes has recently resulted in sig­ nificant advances in many varied disciplines. Taken individually, each discipline exposes certain facets of asphaltenes, but each, alone, can never reveal asphaltenes from all van­ tages. Even seemingly narrowly focused issues such as the molecular structures of asphal­ tenes, or the colloidal structures of asphaltenes require a confluence of many lines of investigation to yield an understanding which differs from truth by diminishing uncer­ tainty. An holistic treatment of the asphaltenes is a powerful approach to evolve further their understanding. For example, examination of asphaltenes at the highest resolution yields molecular structure. A slight increase in scale probes asphaltene colloidal structure. Weaving together asphaltene studies performed at different length scales results in a fabric which envelops an encompassing vision of asphaltenes. At the same time, the interfaces of these hierarchical studies provide additional constraints on imagination, more than investi­ gations at individual length scales alone. These considerations shaped the timing, format, and the content of our book. The editors are very appreciative of the diligence and hard work manifest in each of the contributed chapters herein. We thank the contributing authors for making this project a success

Y. Richard Kim ... 460 pages - Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education; 1st edition (September 22, 2007)
Sold by: Amazon Digital Services LLC - Language: English - ASIN: B001EB5H7A

An Expert Guide to Developing More-Durable and Cost-Effective Asphalt Pavements: Written by distinguished experts from countries around the world, Modeling of Asphalt Concrete presents in-depth coverage of the current materials, methods, and models used for asphalt pavements.
Included is state-of-the-art information on fundamental material properties and mechanisms affecting the performance of asphalt concrete, new rheological testing and analysis techniques, constitutive models, and performance prediction methodologies for asphalt concrete and asphalt pavements. Emphasis is placed on the modeling of asphalt mixes for specific geographic/climatic requirements.

In light of America's crumbling infrastructure and our heavy usage of asphalt as a paving material, this timely reference is essential for the development of more-durable and cost-effective asphalt materials for both new construction and rehabilitation.

Harness the Latest Breakthroughs in Asphalt Concrete Technology: Asphalt Rheology • Constitutive Models • Stiffness Characterization • Models for Low-Temperature Cracking • Models for Fatigue Cracking and Moisture Damage • Models for Rutting and Aging.

Gustav Martincek ... 440 pages - Publisher: CRC Press; (December, 1994) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 0419181008 - ISBN-13: 978-0419181002

This book presents a rigorous treatment of the fundamental, mathematical behaviour of pavement structures under dynamic loading. The topic is of growing importance in economic design of aircraft runways and highway pavements. A range of modelling approaches are presented and compared with experimental data.

American Society for Testing And Materials (ASTM) ...
265 pages - Publisher: ASTM International; (April 1, 2003)
Language: English - ISBN-10: 0803134614 - ISBN-13: 978-0803134614

Nineteen peer-reviewed papers address the latest issues affecting the resilient modulus test and use of the test results. Resilient modulus indicates the stiffness of a soil under controlled confinement conditions and repeated loading. The test is intended to simulate the stress conditions that occur in the base and subgrade of a pavement system. Papers cover: • Repeatability of the test by testing replicated test specimens under the same conditions. • Background of test startup and QC procedures • Review of the LTPP test program • Effect of water content and pore water pressure buildup on the resilient modulus of unsaturated and saturated cohesive soils • Importance of the value of resilient modulus on required pavement thickness This book is a valuable resource for highway engineers, geotechnical engineers, laboratory personnel who conduct pavement tests, pavement designers, and foundation engineers.

Portland Cement Association (PCA) ...
150 pages - Publisher: Portland Cement Association (PCA); 2004
Language: English - ASIN: B000UGN17I

The growth of roller-compacted concrete pavement use in cold climate regions often is impeded by concerns regarding its ability to resist frost attack. Most published laboratory test results have indicated that the frost resistance and particularly the deicer salt-scale resistance of RCC are not always satisfactory. However, long-term field performance indicates that non-air entrainment RCC can be quite resistant to frost action. The report provides a comprehensive review on the current practices and recent developments in material selection and aggregate gradation, mixture design methods, production process and placement techniques. Improved construction techniques and recent developments in mixture design methods have resulted in stronger more durable RCC. Data shows that as little as 1.5% of spherical air bubbles can have a beneficial influence on the frost resistance durability of RCC. Test results indicate that ASTM C 1262 appears to be a reliable method of assessing the frost durability of RCC

Patrick Lavin ... 462 pages - Publisher: CRC Press; (April, 2003) ... Language: English - ISBN-10: 0415247330 - ISBN-13: 978-0415247337.

Asphalt Pavements provides the know-how behind the design, production and maintenance of asphalt pavements and parking lots. Incorporating the latest technology, this book is the first to focus primarily on the design, production and maintenance of low-volume roads and parking areas. Special attention is given to determining the traffic capacity, required thickness and asphalt mixture type for parking applications. Topics covered include: material information such as binder properties, testing grading and selection; construction information such as mixing plant operation, proportioning, mixture placement and compaction; and design information such as thickness and mixture design methods and guidelines on applying these to highways, city streets and parking Areas. It is an essential practical guide aimed at those engineers and architects who are not directly involved in the asphalt industry, but who nonetheless need to have a good general knowledge of the subject. Asphalt Pavements provides a novice with enough information to completely design, construct and specify an asphalt pavement.

Mary Stroup-Gardiner ... 
161 pages - Publisher: ASTM; (June 2003)
Language: English - ISBN-10: 0803134606 - ISBN-13: 978-0803134607

Maximize the Quality and Longevity of any Highway Work: Ten peer-reviewed papers give you a timely look at HMA smoothness measurements, specifications, and equipment. Evidence shows that pavements constructed with low roughness measurements perform longer with fewer needed maintenance activities than pavements with a higher level of initial roughness. This collection of papers, written by industry experts, provides and overview of the current approaches to constructing smooth HMA pavements.
Three sections cover: State Agency Perspectives - provides insight into both the history of the development and the implementation of ride quality specifications for new hot mix asphalt pavements in Alabama, Arizona, New Jersey, Virginia, and Tennessee. These papers highlight the wide range of differences in equipment and approaches used to quantify HMA smoothness by state agencies across the country. This information will provide the readers with insight into complexities associated with developing and implementing ride quality specifications. National and International Perspectives - uses analysis of the Long Term Pavement Performance (LTPP) national pavement database to determine the effect of various construction alternatives on the smoothness of the final HMA surface. It also presents correlation equations that relate the traditional, but slow, method of measuring roughness with a hand-operated profilograph to that measured with the state-of-the-art vehicle-mounted. A second paper compares the use of six devices for measuring roughness on recently constructed Taiwan highways. This information will prove especially useful for agencies faced with assessing ride quality in confined urban areas. Equipment Comparisons, Materials Considerations, and Analyses - focuses on how various HMA mixtures, friction courses, and construction practices influence smoothness measurements and pavement quality; and compares the results obtained from an inclinometer profiler and a vehicle mounted profiler when used to test a wide range of HMA mixtures. Correlations between construction practices and their influence on roughness are also presented. It also discusses a new method for analyzing the raw profile obtained by a wide range of profilers. This analysis method can be used to improve data processing for any equipment that collects the raw profile.

Geoffrey Griffiths, Nick Thom ... 
192 pages
Publisher: CRC Press; 1st edition (June 18, 2007)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0415254515
ISBN-13: 978-0415254519 

This comprehensive design guide summarizes current developments in the design of concrete pavements. Following an overview of the theory involved, the authors detail optimum design techniques and best practice, with a focus on highway and infrastructure projects.

Worked examples and calculations are provided to describe standard design methods, illustrated with numerous case studies. The author provides guidance on how to use each method on particular projects, with reference to UK, European and US standards and codes of practice.

Concrete Pavement Design Guidance Notes is an essential handbook for civil engineers, consultants and contractors involved in the design and construction of concrete pavements, and will also be of interest to students of pavement design.

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